XANANA TAKES OVER 57% OF NATIONAL BUDGET INTO HIS OWN HANDS
Opinion piece by ARSENIO BANO, FRETILIN Vice President and MP
6 February 2011
The 2011 National Budget is yet to be proclaimed by the President of the Republic, because maybe President Ramos Horta is still analyzing it or perhaps he may still await a review by the Court of Appeal on the constitutionality of the budget law passed by parliament. As at the start of this month numerous roads are about to erode away because the rains are so persistent.
Road access to Ermera is in danger. Last night the road at Fatu Ahi fell away again, the bridge at Loes is in grave danger of falling over very soon unless it is repaired soon. Many of the national roads to the districts are fast degrading.
Our peoples_ money has been spent annually on budgets totaling almost US$3 billion since this de facto government has been elected. The changes that have been brought in through the 2011 budget structure have in fact reduced the government_s incapacity to respond to this worsening road situation throughout the country. The AMP de facto government which is composed of 40 members of government, from the Prime Minister down to the Deputy PM, Ministers, Vice Ministers, and Secretaries of State, according to the organizational structure of the de facto government will be unable to implement the total budget that was approved by the National Parliament on 28 January 2011, but that is awaiting proclamation by the President of the Republic.
There is every likelihood that the levels of execution of the budget, our peoples_ money, for 2011 will be worse than in previous years, because of the manner in which this year_s budget has been centralized in the hands of the Prime Minister Xanana Gusmao.
The Prime Ministers has the control of most of the money from all the members of government, having a budget of US$747,417,000 of the US$1,306,018,000 total 2011 National Budget approved by the National Parliament.
The US$747,417,000 to be managed by the Prime Minister and the Office of the Presidency of the Council of Minister (again the Prime Minister) is made up of: US$72,038,000 to the Prime Minister and the Presidency of the Council of Ministers, with US$22,579,000 of this amount going to the Secretaries of State directly under the responsibility of the Prime Minister such as the Secretary of State for the Council of Ministers, Secretary of State for Youth and Sports, the Secretary of State for Natural Resources and the Secretary of State for Promotion of Equality.
The Prime Minister as the Minister of Defense and Security also heads two Secretariats of State, for Defense and Security issues, which have a total budget allocation for 2011 of US$51,073,000.
The Prime Minister_s own budget is US$49,459,000, excluding the Secretariats of State that are dependent on him and distributed as follows: $66,000 to the Prime Minister_s secretariat in the Office of the PM; $856,000 to his Finance and Administration Directorate; $1,217,000 to his Human Resources Directorate; $102,000 for the Official Residence of the PM; $51,000 to the office of the PM_s Director General; $22,000 to the deputy PM_s office; $10,362,000 to the National Development Agency; US$32,311,000 to the National Procurement Commission; US$2,000,000 to National Intelligence Service; US$1,409,000 to the Office of the Inspector General.
There have been other noticeable changes to the budget for the PM and the Presidency of the Council of Ministers for 2011, with allocations from previous years no longer there. For example in 2011 there is no longer an allocation for the Strategic Planning Unit, which since the 2007 Transitional Budget up to 2010 had budget allocations totaling US$4,937,000.
In 2010 alone, the de facto PM had spent US$4,151,000 on the Strategic Planning Unit to supposedly draft the National Strategic Development Plan (NSDP), but to date the Plan itself has not been publicly available and has certainly not been approved. 
The NSDP draft that was written by Indonesian company PT DSI Makmur Sejahtera who was paid US$2,981,000 in 2010 but to date the government has not yet presented the plan to the National Parliament for debate and approval as undertaken by the PM. New agencies to be established in the PM_s hands include the National Development Agency with a total budget allocation of US$32,311,000 with US$3,000,000 to be paid for professional services of non civil servants.
Other allocations to the NDA include US$500,000 for operational expenses, and US$28,811,000 for development capital, which will be spent on the PPD-II in the sucos and sub-districts. The NDA, according to the government_s explanations during the budget debate will be an entity that will manage a total budget of US$599,306,000 in the Infrastructure Fund and US$25,000,000 in the Human Capital Fund. No salaries and wages, travel or other allocations were provided in the NDA_s budget.
The NDA_s budget allocation is for only goods and services of US$3,500,000 to pay national and international temporary staff and operational expenses to manage the two funds. The structure of this budget for the NDA arouses grave concerns of its capacity to execute the huge budget it has been allocated.
The NDA will emerge as just another unit in PM Xanana_s control illustrating the centralization trend in the management of our peoples_ money through the annual budgets. The Infrastructure Fund and Human Capital Fund can be seen as an instrument to remove powers and functions previously exercised by the line Ministries and Ministers. There is no doubt that the budget allocations for these two funds came directly from what would otherwise be the capital development funds of line ministries.
An example is the Ministry of Infrastructure_s budget for electricity for 2011, which has instead been allocated in the Infrastructure Fund under PM Xanana_s control; being US$448,741,000 for electricity and US$20,320,000 for water and sanitation. Other projects of all sorts that should have been allocated to the Ministry of Infrastructure totaling US$22,813,000 for ports and roads were also allocated to the Infrastructure Fund under the PM_s control in the NDA.
Prime Minister Xanana Gusmao should be strengthening the line ministries and secretariats of state, improving their capacity and the quality of services they are already supposed to deliver. The NDA, as a new agency, despite being under the PM_s control, will be incapable of managing and executing the huge budget allocation it was given in the 2011 budget in the two funds.
New agencies do not have the requisite experience and capacity or systems in place that are strong enough to manage and execute such large budgets, and will inevitably result in irregularities and corrupt practices in doing so. There is already a lot of information circulating that the capital works projects allocated in the 2011 budget had already been distributed to contractors even before they were approved by the National Parliament, before the NDA has been established, but worse, before the 2011 National Budget has been proclaimed by the President of the Republic, Dr. Jose Ramos Horta, as it is required to be under the constitution.
Lastly, we can see that for 2011, 34 members of the AMP government from a total of 40 members of the whole government will only manage US$558,547,00 from a total national budget of US$1,306,018,000. The Prime Minister will have under his direct control the implementation of a budget totaling US$747,417,000. This will place a huge burden on him, which from previous experience of the lack of capacity in execution of previous budgets, he has shifted the blame to his members of government instead of taking responsibility for his own failure as the head of the government.
With the new budget structure of the 2011 national budget, the burden will heavily shift towards Prime Minister Xanana Gusmao_s own shoulders as a result of the centralization of the peoples_ money in the two funds to be managed by the NDA. Link to government media release: http://timor-leste.gov.tl/wp-content/uploads/2011/02/Press-Release-of-the-Meeting-of-the-Council-of-Ministers-of-02.02.2011.pdf
 Budget for the Strategic Planning Unit: 2007 Transitional Budget: US$94,000; 2008 Budget: US$223,000; 2009 Budget: US$469,000; 2010 Budget: US$4,151,000.
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT JOSE TEIXEIRA ON +670 728 7080