Monthly Archives: November 2009

TEMPO SEMANAL 10 Years of UNPOL in Timor-Leste: a Failure.

Tempo Semanal

Dili, 24 November 2009

UNPOL then known as CivPOL first came to Timor-Leste to build Timorese
police institutions during the UNTAET period from late 1999 until 20 May
2002. UNPOL continued to have executive policing responsibility for
PNTL from 2002 until 20 May 2004. From 2004 it was responsible for
mentoring PNTL until the institution for which is was responsible
collapsed as a result of public disorder in April 2006.

>From May 2002 until May 2004 now SRSG, Atul Khare, was Special Assistant
and then Chief of Staff to the then SRSG for UNMISET Kamalesh Sharma.
>From May 2004 until May 2005 Mr. Khare was DSRSG for UNMISET with Mr.
Hasegawa as SRSG. As a result of his failures in 2006 Hasegawa was
replaced. In December 2006 Mr. Khare returned to Timor-Leste as the
third choice of the UN to be the SRSG of UNMIT. After Ian Martin of the
United Kingdom and Antonio Moreira of Cape Verde.

UNMIT costs approximately 200 million USD per year. UNPOL’s costs
represent the largest single fraction of that overall cost. Salaries,
vehicles, computers, rations, housing, helicopters, paper, pens, radios,
uniforms, shipping, medals, and more medals. What value has the
international community, the PNTL and the Timorese gotten for ten years
of this pricey police project?

Third stringer Mr. Khare along with UNPOL bears the greatest
responsibility for the UN to fail to build an effective and accountable
police institution in Timor-Leste. We all remember UN Police
Commissioners de Sousa, Miller, Peisley, Tor, and now Carillho. They
have all also contributed to the almost total failure of the UN to
properly establish and then reform, restructure and rebuild our national
police service the PNTL.

Many Timorese worry that the future holds more problems when it comes
to law and order in Timor-Leste. Factionalism is rampant with the PNTL
– perhaps even worse than it was before the Crisis, and likely as a
result of wrongdoers not being punished but in actual fact promoted.
Former PNTL commanders Martins, de Jesus and now Montiero either did not
inspire confidence, or have yet to do so. Timorese have little
confidence in the police – this is partially the fault of the Timorese –
but largely the fault of the United Nations. As they have been in charge
for 7.5 of the last ten years.

In a 2008/2009 an Asia Foundation survey found that those who sought
PNTL assistance “report being treated with minimal respect and
professionalism (47%), in a verbally abusive manner (15%), and in a
physically abusive manner (19%)”.

But lets revisit the UN role and that of the primary UN leader
responsible for building the PNTL over the past 10 years, and man who
has been intimately involved from May 2002 until May 2005 – and now
again from December 2006 until 11 December 2009 when Tempo Semanal
understands that he leaves Timor-Leste. Mr. Khare.

On 25 August 2006 the United Nations Security Council passed resolution
1704 in which it mandated UNMIT “to assist with the further training,
institutional development and strengthening of the PNTL”.

On 11 January 2008 UNPOL drafted a plan called the “PNTL ORGANIZATIONAL
produced in a language that PNTL could read.

In a 24 November 2009 telephone interview with Fransisco Guterres
Secretary of State for Security he said that this plan, “drafted in New
York, did not fit with the reality in Timor-Leste. They were trying to
copy the plan that was designed for Kosovo and other places, which do
not apply to the Timorese context. The UN Mission just wants to impose a
model which we disagree with”.

Reform: UNPOL have presided over a reform process which has seen no
reform. This is a clear fact. Timorese all know that 99% of the police
officers who committed crimes before, during and after the 2006 Crisis
remain in the PNTL – and in many cases have been promoted. This is
clear to all Timorese, it is a dinner table fact. Just as UNPOL are
never punished for their crimes, nor are PNTL officers. In March 2007
Mr. Khare wrote a letter to the Government complaining about the
promotion of Inspectors Delfim da Silva and Jorge Monteiro – as they had
failed to pass the integrity-screening process. Khare was ignored and
has remained mute on the subject since. Ignoring his UN Security
Council mandate. The Inspectors in question are now in positions of
power in the PNTL, along with, as we all know many many others in
similar situations.

Restructuring: In 2004 the then Minister of Interior Rogerio Lobato,
with the permission of then Prime Minister Alkatiri, and the
acquiescence of the then DSRSG Khare armed a series of special police
units (the UPF, UIR and UPR) with hundreds of semi automatic police
rifles. This concerned many people at the time. These people had a
right to be afraid, as these weapons were then used extremely
irresponsibly in 2006. After the 2006 crisis virtually the whole
country was of the opinion that these weapons did not contribute to
building a “community oriented” police service, but were militarizing
the police – confusing the military and threatening the population.
Since 2006 the UN has done little if anything to try and convince the
police leadership to rid themselves of many of these weapons. Mr. Khare
has apparently never publically expressed a direct opinion in favour of
limiting these weapons. Perhaps Mr. Khare either agrees with the
policy, or is too scared to have a public opinion on the matter. Either
way we do not know as he does not speak of such things.

Tempo Semanal sources inform this newspaper that the current leadership
of the PNTL has been exploring further weapons purchases from armaments
suppliers in Java. Perhaps the same suppliers that the riot control
water cannon were procured from in April this year. Is this community
policing? What is Khare’s opinion? We do not know as he does not seem
to express opinions on these subjects. Preferring to remain mute until
he leaves. (as he did in the recent Bere case as well). Perhaps after
the next crisis for which he will bear responsibility for such as the
last one he will return as a highly paid SRSG once again?

Rebuild: The PNTL institution remains weak not only because of internal
factionalism caused by a failure to punish those who have committed
crimes but also because its facilities and support systems remain of
extremely poor quality. A recent Government / UNMIT assessment of PNTL
found that only, according to Tempo Semanal sources, a few districts
were ready for handover, despite 10 years of UN Police assistance. A
lack of working vehicles, communications systems, and other support
material are almost wholly lacking to most districts. UNMIT, UNPOL, and
Mr. Khare have failed to rebuild PNTL once again.

On 26 February 2009 in UN Security Council mandated UNMIT support “the
gradual resumption of policing responsibilities by the PNTL beginning in
2009 through a phased approach, while emphasizing that the PNTL must
meet the criteria mutually agreed between the Government of Timor-Leste
and UNMIT as set out in paragraph 21 of the report of the
Secretary-General to guarantee the PNTL’s readiness for the resumption
of such responsibilities in any given district or unit, and requests the
Government of Timor-Leste and UNMIT to cooperate with each other to
implement the resumption process, and requests UNMIT to continue to
ensure, through the presence of UNMIT police component and the provision
of support to the PNTL, the maintenance of public security in
Timor-Leste, which includes interim law enforcement and public security
until the PNTL is fully reconstituted.”

Recent media reports quote Mr. Khare as saying that UNMIT UNPOL will
begin to downsize in 2010. But only 3 districts are ready in 2009?
Perhaps it does not matter, as he will not be here to bear
responsibility for the obvious failure to handover when districts are
without adequate cars and communications systems.

A senior source within UNMIT told Tempo Semanal in recent days that “he
feels UNMIT has largely failed in achieving its mandate, especially in
regard to the reform, restructure and rebuilding of the PNTL”.

David Ximenes, former Head of CNRT Clandestine network, and Secretary
of State for Veterans Affairs under the FRETILIN Government, and now
Member of Parliament and its Committee B for National Security, Defence
and Foreign Affairs told Tempo Semanal on 24 November 2009, “Mr. Khare
did not achieve the mandate given to him by the Security Council
Resolution 1704”. With regards to the reform, restructuring and
rebuilding of the PNTL Ximenes told Tempo Semanal that “he does not know
what they have done”. “From what I see UNMIT is not doing their work.”
He added that, “its just the same faces from last time”.

Tempo Semanal has obtained a copy of a recent confidential report
written for the UN titled “The UNPOL to PNTL ‘handover’ 2009: what
exactly is being handed over?” by the Conflict Prevention and Peace
Forum in New York dated 2 October 2009 written by respected PNTL scholar
Bu Wilson and Nelson Belo of Fundasaun Mahein a local NGO. In this
report they state that,

“Many leaders in Timor-Leste…have criticized the presence of
international … police. These criticisms have come from the Prime
Minister, the Secretary of State for Security and the Secretary of State
for Defence, the Chief of Staff of the F-FDTL, as well as the current
and former PNTL Commander General. These sentiments are also echoed by
opposition parties. Recent examples include a blog by the Secretary of
State for Defence, highly critical of UNMIT and UNPOL…. and a comment in
one of the daily newspapers by PNTL Commander General that translates as
“the majority of UNPOL lack capacity”.

This report concludes: “Although the situation in Timor-Leste is
currently calm and the ‘handover’ is proceeding without incident it can
not be concluded that the PNTL have been reformed in any meaningful way.
The handover of districts will become increasingly more difficult – as
more ‘problematic’ districts need to be considered. Given the poor
relationship between UNMIT/government of Timor-Leste and UNPOL/PNTL….
it is unlikely that delaying handover would have improved PNTL reform

Further the above report states that “It also appears that many of the
serious shortcomings of both UNPOL and PNTL, identified by [a] UN expert
policing mission in 2008, have not been addressed. The question needs to
be asked why these recommendations have not been heeded by the UNMIT
mission.” Tempo Semanal’s various sources suggest that Mr. Khare holds
ultimate responsibility on the ground for this failure.

Tempo Semanal sources say that Khare will be replaced by UN Mission
Sudan DSRSG Ameera Haq, and that he has a strong likelihood of becoming
SRSG of the UN Mission in Sudan. The President of Sudan is wanted for
war crimes, much like ex-militia Martenus Bere is. UNPOL, UNMIT, and
Khare let Bere go despite an executive mission. Sudanese no doubt will
find this of interest.

Adeus Khare, Bemvindo Haq.

Why should TL go into debt?

Timor-Leste is confronting a crossroads — decisions are being made which could impose a large debt repayments and other obligations on Timor-Leste’s citizens and their children. To help inform this discussion and policy-making, La’o Hamutuk has launched a new web page ( compiling information relevant to the impending decision by the Timor-Leste government to borrow money from foreign institutions or governments. This online resource includes excerpts and links to documents, analyses, laws and reports.

The following is an abridged version of the main text; the page itself has much more material. As always, we welcome information and perspectives from all sources and will update this page frequently as the situation evolves and new information becomes available.

La’o Hamutuk, 25 November 2009

AUDIO Timor – Guns in the Parliament?

Jose Texeiro, Fretilin Parliamentarian questions the need for armed
gunmen inside the Parliament of Timor Leste.

6.2Mb. 128 kbps mono 6 minutes 42 seconds

LH: Gov’t will violate ESI in 2009

La’o Hamutuk
Timor-Leste Institute for Development Monitoring and Analysis
I/1a Rua Mozambique, Farol, Dili, Timor-Leste
Tel: +670 332 5013 email: Website:

10 November 2009

To: Dr. Manuel Tilman
President and members of Committee C, RDTL National Parliament

CC: (1) Minister of Finance, Banking and Payments Authority,
President of Parliament (and Heads of Parties in Parliament),
Deloitte, Media, Petroleum Fund Consultative Council

Dear Mr. President and Members of Committee C, with our respect,

On 4 November, La’o Hamutuk made a submission to your Committee stating that:
“La’o Hamutuk agrees with the Government not to withdraw more than
the Estimated Sustainable Income of $502 million from the Petroleum
Fund during 2010, and we appreciate that spending will stay below the
ESI during 2009, as it did during 2008, notwithstanding budgetary
dreams to spend unsustainably.”

One week later, we learned that the Ministry of Finance had
instructed the Banking and Payments Authority (BPA) to transfer a
total of $512 million from the Petroleum Fund during 2009, including
$152 million in December. This contradicts promises made when the
Government presented the draft General State Budget for 2010 to
Parliament on 15 October. Pages 16 and 28 of Book 1 (English
version), say that the Government will not transfer more money than
the Estimated Sustainable Income (ESI), $408 million, from the
Petroleum Fund during 2009.

La’o Hamutuk regrets that the information we relied on in our
submission to your Committee is no longer correct, and we too are
surprised that the Government will withdraw $104 million more than
the ESI during 2009. This will reduce the ESI in every future year by
$3.1 million, including in 2010.

Therefore, the plan in the 2010 draft budget to transfer $502 million
from the Petroleum Fund in 2010 is higher than the ESI will be ($499
million). Consequently, the draft budget violates Article 9 of the
Petroleum Fund Law, which requires the Government to provide a
detailed explanation when it proposes to transfer more than the ESI.

We believe that Parliament has a critical responsibility to examine
and improve State Finances, and it is therefore important for you to
know that there is an inconsistency between what the Government
presented in the Budget Documents and what they are actually doing.
You might want to ask the Ministry of Finance to provide further information.

On a related topic, you have seen the 4 November letter from the
Prime Minister to the President of Parliament (Ref. No
1981/GPM/XI/09) spelling out changes in the design and enlargement of
the heavy oil electricity generation and distribution project. These
alterations will increase the project cost far beyond the original
$375 million allocated in the 2009 State Budget (as discussed on
pages 11 and 12 of our Submission on the 2010 State Budget). The
Prime Minister’s letter increases our concern that the appropriation
for this project in the draft 2010 State Budget ($48 million in 2010,
$73 million total) could be half a billion dollars less than the
actual project cost. It seems likely that the Government plans to
borrow this money (perhaps from China). Before approving the 2010
State Budget (which increasingly looks like an interim budget, with
many major decisions being put off until a rectification a few months
from now), we encourage Committee C to seek a full explanation of how
much this revised project will cost, how it will be financed, and how
any loan will be paid back.

We remain aware that the Petroleum Fund not only has to provide for
today’s generation, but also must support the lives of our children
and grandchildren, and should be used for sustainable development of
non-oil sectors, as we all know that our oil and gas resources will
run out in less than a generation. We believe that you and other
members of Committee C share our perspective and concerns.

Thank you for your attention. We hope that this information is
helpful and welcome any comments or questions you may have for us.


Juvinal Dias, Charles Scheiner, Viriato Seac
La’o Hamutuk Natural Resources Team

Video: Justice denied for East Timor atrocity victims – 08 Nov 09


November 08, 2009

East Timor’s decision to free a former Indonesian militia leader has
created a backlash against the government.

Maternus Bere, a Timorese-born Indonesian citizen accused of crimes
against humanity, was indicted by the UN for his role in the
atrocities of 1999 that preceded the country’s independence.

East Timor’s supreme court is investigating whether his release was
illegal and the decision could determine whether a tribunal is set up
to try others accused of similar crimes.

Al Jazeera’s Tony Birtley reports from Dili, the capital of East
Timor, where victims’ families and survivors feel that justice has
yet to prevail in one of the world’s youngest nations.

Watch here:


Dear all

Tuesday, 3 November 2009


By ALFREDO Ximenes

We are about two and a half years of inauguration of the Government of
the AMP, about half a mandate – 5 years – for a Government that hold in
normal time. It is enough time for us to speak of his work, what did and
did not that promised and still has not carried out , nor will meet if
continue in the route of policy that you have chosen.

Some work was done, it is true, but if you look in immense millions this
Government has had at its disposal, in addition to the huge
donations-collaborations with other countries, we have seen that the
Government was overthrown by the coup d ‘ état in 2006 nor one sixth of
this ceiling had. Now it is time to ask: what has the Government of the
AMP to say about this?

How does the Prime Minister Xanana Gusmão justify if had in his control
a fortune and continue almost all on the same or worse? I am referring
to 85 per cent of the population, not to about 12 per cent that of some
saw their lives improved by have some connection to the AMP such as
public employees etc. Much less perhaps around 3 per cent that are
directly associated with AMP because they are in Government or in
enterprise connected with them. Let’s say that these are rounded but
whose numbers don’t lack exaggeration. Probably are too benevolent
because in 2007 promised worlds and funds to the country.

What we have seen actions of this Government are the business. The
business involved in scandals of millions of dollars. What we have seen
that this Government has been able to show us newspapers and this blog,
an enormity of scandals. The scandals have brought to us by the
bitterness of shame in the countries where we lived, looking for freedom
and a decent life. In Timor-Leste there is neither freedom nor decency.
As the example comes from the “top”, and that is appalling, very little
serves criticizing those who have less than one dollar per day for face
life, (evil) governed the overwhelming majority. The needy and have been
robbed by a direction headed by Xanana Gusmão and Ramos Horta.

When today we are talking about existing stability in Timor-Leste and
own rulers of AMP illusory seek and make this evidence. We know, the
Timorese and those who are familiar with East Timor, which it another
facet of the farce that Gusmão gave at beginning in 2006. The AMP, but
especially Xanana Gusmão and Ramos Horta, hate are reasons that grow in
the country. They themselves know that. They are convinced that they are
honourable of the situation that everything and all are fully
controllable. In this space of time elapsing between the rotten peace
and his “control”, and the revolt guesses is growing, for them and those
closest to the surround, concern in breaking as soon as possible in the
benefit of their Bank accounts and for early enrichment and even
criminal of their family and friends. Already doing shameless accused by
Timorese and by international public opinion, but do so for fear that
the time remains can be scarce and that the day will come in that the
patience of the Timorese needy, hungry, have been robbed, will run out.
They are Xanana Gusmão, Ramos Horta, Lasama Araújo and others from the
AMP or not, that stretch the “rope” and will go to rupture and will
provide rivers of the blood that run into the sea.

It is this point of view and registering my opinion and concern in black
and white that I would like to be as direct. It is better to alert now
and try to contribute to that violence is avoided than be silencing that
many think ahead and that everyone in East Timor speak, after you make
criticisms and enunciate victims and guilty.

If all this sinister part must first be told that the ringleaders are
Xanana Gusmão, Ramos Horta and Lasama Araújo, as others, has been used
by those two who have used them.

Timor-Leste is a volcano, social indignation and other, who are burying
the crater. Evidently it will explode.

National interests

Australian Governments, the United States and Indonesia

Australian agents, North American and Indonesians have contributed
almost all for what has past negative in East Timor. We all know.

The ISF, since the first time, have sponsored and covered up agents
Timorese who were willing and have to serve them. The disposable agents
such as in the example Alfredo Reinaldo. The same is true of Horta,
Gusmão and Lasama Araújo and many more. Without the interference of
Australia, the USA and Indonesia would not have the coup d ‘ état in
2006. Who need more evidence?

Mainly Ramos Horta, Xanana Gusmão and Lasama Araújo, what the reasons
that they might explain, allowed serving these powers to install chaos
in Timor and overthrow a legimate Government. They allied to that always
focusing the natural resources of Timor-Leste. They betrayed the
objective for independence struggle and the enjoyment of these treasures
for needy and undeserved people. If they still don’t realize this is
regrettable. But I believe they have.

It was to take this consciousness that sought to disengage if being
agents these powers and govern itself. It so happens that they no longer
can do, without that they are considered disposable. For this reason,
too, Ramos Horta was dying.

Without doubt that the Governments of Australia, who is who gives more
on views, are determined to do what best abstracted from East Timor,
partnership with the Governments of the United States and Indonesia.
Indonesia is aside and act per se, but it is always possible to reach an
agreement. And it will be. Between them would split “delight” that is
East Timor.

If had not been the avaricious attitude mainly of Ramos Horta and
Xanana Gusmão, East Timor now wasn’t living this martyrdom. Could be
under pressure, but if democratic unity and defence nationals interests
had prevailed, currently the Timorese were enjoy substantial proceeds
they would have a life with dignity. Nor would such as Timor-Leste is
the world’s mouths, a kind of country without direction and delivered to
corrupt, nepotism, paedophiles, perpetrators of people and goods, the
criminals who overlap those laws, Sovereign Constitution, to national

Because the perpetrators of the misfortunes Timorese know that there are
no Sun always endures nor evil that never ends, are acting hastily in
the short time that for them to be tolerated by Timorese and by its
former supporters the coup of 2006.They are between two fires. Thus,
leveraging all opportunities, graft shamelessly by chasing current
profits and future they can be useful, probably in exile.

Why understand so well that East Timor is pillage and relinquished to
the rapists of laws, the criminals. It is pure and indecent treason
so-called National interest. Horta and Xanana are hostage of its own

Take for example the case Bere. Gusmão and Horta intend to tone down
Indonesia, their generals, his Government, and shamelessly commit crime
and release it. Not happy lie the country, his release by (false)
humanitarian reasons. Is it untruth that in this blog and probably many
observers predicted? In the case of TLN was well explicit, many weeks
ago saying that going to allege for health reason, humanitarian, lying,
because then we were informed in time from PGR sources, whose chief had
a action relevant in this untruth episode. What consideration do these
rulers reserve and those that collaborate with them? What National
interest do they represent? Their own interests, their complicity, their
commitments dishonest, it is that they represent.

These are not National interests!


Government Releases Mass killer to Indonesia: Justice and Rule of Law dead in Timor-Leste



Dili, 3 November 2009

Government Releases Mass killer to Indonesia: Justice and Rule of Law
dead in Timor-Leste

FRETILIN today called for a criminal investigation to be launched into
the Timor-Leste government’s action in freeing the accused mass killer
Maternus Bere, who was taken to Indonesia last Friday, according to
media reports.

FRETILIN’s parliamentary leader Aniceto Guterres MP said de facto Prime
Minister Xanana Gusmao and others had clearly broken the law with their
unilateral executive decision to free Bere, a former pro-Indonesian
militia commander indicted by a United Nations Serious Crimes Panel
Court for orchestrating crimes against humanity.

“Maternus Bere arrived in Indonesia on Friday and was taken to a
hospital with undisclosed health problems, said Foreign Ministry
spokesman Teuku Faizasyah. He faces no charges in Indonesia and will be
a free man after treatment,” reported AP last Friday, 30 October.

Bere was indicted for his role in an attack on defenceless refugees at a
church compound in Suai on 6 September 1999, which killed and injured
over 200 people, including many women, children and old people and
three priests.

Bere, an Indonesian citizen, was arrested by Timor-Leste police in Suai
on 9 August this year. A judge ordered he be held in custody and
transferred to Dili to await trial but on 30 August – the day the
people of Timor-Leste celebrated the 10th anniversary of their vote to
break away from Indonesia -Mr. Gusmao bowed to Indonesian demands and
ordered Bere be transferred to the Indonesian Embassy in Dili.

Bere’s unlawful release from custody was condemned by the President of
the Court of Appeal, Judge Claudio Ximenes, the United Nations High
Commissioner for Human Rights, the UN Secretary General, Timor-Leste’s
two Catholic Bishops, numerous civil society organizations, victims
groups and veterans groups.

Mr Guterres said it was clear the Gusmao de facto government had again
broken the law by secretly freeing Bere by a unilateral executive and
extra-judicial decision.

He criticized the government for their “cowardly and mafia-like conduct
in secretly transporting Bere to the border, using Timor-Leste Police
officers, before handing him over to Indonesian authorities.”

“We call on the Prosecutor General to take immediate action to hold
Gusmao and others involved, accountable before the courts,” Mr Guterres

“We are still waiting for some indication of what the Court and or the
Prosecutor General propose to do in response to the unlawful release of
Bere from Becora prison on 30 August 2009. De facto Prime Minister
Gusmao has repeatedly said he assumes responsibility for this unlawful
action. The Court and the Prosecutorial authorities cannot just remain
silent on this issue. They must act to redress this travesty of
justice. The public has an interest in this matter, as does the
international community, the UN, victims’ families and many other

“There was no public disclosure that Bere was to be handed over. They
have behaved like warlords, or like a cocaine drug cartel or some
terrorist cell. Nobody was informed, the courts to our knowledge were
not involved so it was unlawful, and there was no extradition
agreement. The parliament’s defence, security and foreign affairs
committee was not advised. Neither I as the leader of the opposition,
nor anyone from the opposition were advised.

“The de facto Prime Minister misrepresented to the parliament on 12
November that Bere had not been ‘released’ from prison, but that he had
been ‘transferred’ from one prison facility to another, meaning the
Indonesian embassy, which not even a child would suggest was a prison

“Now what will Gusmao say? That he transferred Bere to another country’s
prison system? If media reports are correct, Bere is a ‘free man’
according to the Indonesian Foreign Affairs spokesperson. So, it
certainly is not an extradition, it is an unconditional release, and
his victims have lost all avenues of redress according to law and

“This act by this de facto government, the final in a litany of
unlawful and unconstitutional acts, signals the triumph of lawlessness,
of a culture of impunity and the mortal wounding of justice and the
rule of law in Timor-Leste.”

*For further information please call Jose Teixeira MP on +670 728 7080