Hypocrisy In The Name Of Democracy And Human

TIMOR LESTE  UCAN Column - Hypocrisy In The Name Of Democracy And Human

By Hipolito Aparicio

September 2, 2008 | TL05633.1513 | 1333 words

DILI (UCAN) -- When Indonesia seized Timor Leste in late 1975, it
heralded its invasion with promises and platitudes to win the hearts of
local people.

"We are here to free you from Portuguese colonialism and liberate you
from the communist regime," the invaders asserted. "We've come to help
develop your country so that it can become more democratic, more
human," and on and on.

The very first to fight back were barely teenagers. We grabbed guns,
crossed rivers and mountains, and began organizing our people to resist
with single-minded determination: "Alive or Dead, Independence!"

Before long, word was trickling down from the hills that Indonesian
solders were raping, torturing and killing to counter our
pro-independence struggle. The invader tried to justify the genocide
with claims that pro-independence supporters were communists who had to
be exterminated.

Hundreds of thousands of Timorese were killed in the process, totally
contradicting all the pro-humanity slogans Indonesia was proclaiming.

Without hope or even a voice, our people suffered this agony for 24

Then the hypocritical former colonial power, like a new Western hero,
began broadcasting demands to garner global public opinion against the

"End the occupation of Timor Leste now," it bellowed. "Give the people
food and medicine, not weapons. Stop stealing their resources and
killing them. Let the Timorese determine their own future and live in
peace," and on and on.

Once Indonesia finally exited, some of us younger survivors got a
chance to study in Australia, Indonesia, New Zealand, the Philippines,
the United States, and elsewhere. That experience also gave us an
opportunity to learn about democracy, human rights, disarmament and
other basic values.

Today, as nations present themselves as great defenders of democracy
and human rights, we again hear almost the same slogans we had heard in
our youth.

I was at Iowa State University in 2003 when the first U.S. contingent
went to Iraq. Almost all the students there went on strike to protest
the policy.

In that first period of protest, I had a chance to share my experience
with classmates. I was asked, "How can someone endure the desert's
infernal heat?" and "Can anyone keep going two or three days without
Coca-Cola in the desert?"

My classmates chuckled when I replied: "Iraqis definitely can resist
even under the sand, without hamburgers!" One of my lecturers
countered: "Whenever the United States interferes, it always acts for
the sake of democracy and human rights. America is exercising its
responsibility as a superpower."

But in 2004, Jesuit Father John Dear was telling fellow Americans at
peace rallies: "The U.S. occupation of Iraq is a total disaster. We
have been lied to, the facts have been distorted, and the country has
been misled. This war was not about democracy, not about nuclear
disarmament, not about bringing peace to the Middle East, not about
preventing terrorist attacks, not about feeding the hungry or funding
jobs, healthcare, education, housing, or cleaning up the environment,
and not about upholding international law. Iraq is not a liberated
country, it is an occupied country, and we are the military, imperial
occupiers ... This war and occupation is all about oil. It makes the
oil millionaires richer; sets a terrible precedent that it is
permissible to disregard the international community and bomb
preemptively; guarantees further terrorist attacks against us; and
kills hundreds of our people and thousands of our brothers and sisters
in Iraq."

At the time, I could not understand what famous American scholars and
advocates of democracy, human rights and peace were thinking about such
hypocrisy. In the name of democracy, human rights and America's
position as a superpower, thousands of Iraqi children were killed. Old
Iraqi women asked through their tears, "Is this democracy? Is this
liberation? Is this peace?"

In 2006, a few years after our long, painful struggle achieved
independence, a political and military crisis broke out in Timor Leste.
Those responsible exploited internal dissatisfaction between
"loro-monu" (western) and "loro-sae" (eastern) solders and officials of
FDTL (East Timor Defense Force).

Earlier, most people from western Timor Leste favored integration with
the invader, and most easterners wanted independence. This historical
split was at play when eastern members of PNLT (Timor Leste National
Police) were disarmed.

All easterners had to leave Dili as westerners ravaged the city with
burning and stealing and then occupied the easterners' homes. Once
again, thousands of people lost their homes in the name of peace and
justice. For almost three years, they had to live in tents provided by
the International Organization for Migration and other international

One westerner, Alfredo Reinado, rose up claiming he would restore peace
and justice, but this false hero was killed on Feb. 11 as he tried to
assassinate President José Manuel Ramos Horta and Prime Minister Xanana
Gusmão. When the government denounced Reinado and his men as rebels,
and ordered the capture of all other rebels, the westerners no longer
recognized him as a "hero."

Timorese saw the Catholic Church in Timor Leste as a powerful moral
force for mediation and reconciliation during the agony of Indonesian
occupation. But from April 19 to May 7, 2005, amid all the uncertainty
and the continuing search for a national identity, the Church chose to
promote the largest demonstration in Timor Leste's history.

The demonstration was an emotional reaction to the government's plan to
remove religion as a compulsory subject in the national curriculum,
which was interpreted by the local Church leadership as an anti-Church
move by the government.

For so many years, the local Church had shown patience, solidarity and
a capacity to suffer silently with voiceless Timorese dramatically
facing the torture, rape and genocide committed by Indonesian soldiers.
So why did the Church after independence change its face so
drastically? Was the new government more dangerous than the Indonesian
regime? Was there a concordat between the Vatican and the Timor Leste
government that had been broken?

The demonstration led by the Catholic Church did not aim to teach
Timorese Catholics how to be good Christians and honest citizens. This
fact is just what the rector-major of the Salesians in Rome said, in a
letter prohibiting his confreres from joining that anti-government

Bishop Carlos Belo, who headed the local Church from 1988 to 2002, did
not comment publicly on the bishops of Dili and Baucau, who supported
the famous demonstration. But he did note that since no
Vatican-government concordat thus far had been signed, and no formal
relations established, there was no justification for the bishops to
call on all humble and devout people to demonstrate in Dili, and to
blame and criticize their own leaders.

Even when democracy, human rights and harmony fail to exist, faithful
people must cry out in the name of hope, "Bring American soldiers back
from Iraq!" because they should not get killed, nor should they kill
anyone else.

In the name of disarmament, we should also demand, "Dismantle the
weapons of mass destruction in the hands of members of the United
Nations Security Council." If they are genuinely committed to making
the world free of such weapons, they must stop their hypocrisy and
dismantle their own arsenal of nuclear weapons, which are the greatest
threat to the planet.

In the name of nonviolence, we also must tell all Timorese, "Stop the
illegal possession of guns and rediscover the path to peace."

Peaceful means are the only way to a peaceful future and the God of
peace. Martin Luther King, Jr., Dorothy Day, Mahatma Gandhi and others
have urged us to create a new world without war or nuclear weapons. The
way to end terrorism is to end poverty, starvation, the degradation of
the earth, the proliferation of weapons, and the existence of nuclear

We were created to be nonviolent with one another and with the earth,
to receive the gift of peace from the God of peace and live in peace

This is no time for discouragement, despair or fear. We cannot give up!
There's too much work to do.


Hipolito Aparicio, 48, was born in Timor Leste where he taught and
directed Catholic schools for many years. More recently, he has served
as a translator and been involved as manager of numerous NGO-sponsored


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