FORTNIGHTLY HUMANITARIAN UPDATE

FORTNIGHTLY HUMANITARIAN UPDATE
Reporting Period: 21 September to 5 October 2007

I. LATEST ESTIMATED FIGURES

See also Maps – Annex A, B, C (pages 11-13)

Internally Displaced Persons
(Source: Ministry of Social Solidarity Information Centre, as of 26 Sept 2007)

Dili 30,000 (approximate)
Districts 70,000 (approximate)

Population Affected by Recent Civil Unrest
(Source: Ministry of Social Solidarity Information Centre, as of 26 September 2007)

Baucau 1114
Viqueque 2497

IDP Camps
(Source: Ministry of Social Solidarity Information Centre, as of 1 October 2007)

Dili 53 remain open
Baucau 10 remain open

Transitional Shelters
(Source: Norwegian Refugee Council, as of 1 October 2007)

Becora, all phases 156 units occupied / 156 units built
Quarantina 72 units occupied / 72 units built
Tibar 123 units occupied / 123 units built
F-FDTL 85 units occupied / 100 units built
Hera Port 0 units occupied / 53 units built
Fatumeta 80 units reserved / 80 units under construction

Total 436 units occupied / 508 units built, 85.8% occupied

Government Assisted Return and Resettlement (from Dili)
(Source: Ministry of Social Solidarity Information Centre, as of 27 Sept 2007)

Destination Families Persons
Ainaro 2 21
Baucau 148 1090
Bobonaro 2 8
Covalima 3 11
Dili 376 2630
Dili (transitional shelters) 302 1810
Ermera 17 74
Lautem 59 417
Liquisa 1 5
Manatuto 5 32
Manufahi 3 15
Viqueque 93 587
Total 1011 6700

II. HUMANITARIAN ISSUES UPDATE

La Niña

The Australian Bureau of Meteorology has determined that a La Niña event has developed. La Niña is a climatic phenomenon that causes abnormally frequent and heavy rains. For Timor-Leste, this could have profound effects on the humanitarian situation.

According to the NGO Human Securities International, in the worst-case scenario, landslides could isolate sub-districts, and flooding damage could impact both humanitarian and state security services. IDPs and host communities could experience health emergencies, and IDPs may settle in new areas, including watercourses. Humanitarian actors unfamiliar with the hydrological dangers of Timor-Leste’s high velocity flooding and land movement could face increased hazards.

However, in the most likely scenario, the west of Timor-Leste could see rains beginning mid-October, and the wet season commences in the rest of the country earlier than the normal December beginning. Many farmers may have limited buying capacities for seed stocks for cropping, whilst monsoonal storms, rainfall, flooding and landslides could impact crops and infrastructure, possibly leading to injury or death.

Humanitarian actors are advised to make preparations for wet season with these possibilities in mind. Regarding wet season generally, humanitarian agencies and Government are in the midst of preparations. Details are available in Section III: Sector Updates.

Metinaro

According to Government assessment teams, civil unrest in Metinaro beginning 23 August 2007 resulted in the destruction of 30 houses and damage to 53. 692 IDPs are seeking refuge near the Metinaro police station, whilst others are scattered around the area. Dialogue is ongoing between the inhabitants of the IDP camp in Metinaro and the local population. The Government of Timor-Leste is providing emergency humanitarian relief to the affected population, including food and tarpaulins.

Baucau and Viqueque Civil Unrest

Following the announcement of the formation of the new Government in August, civil unrest in Baucau and Viqueque led to the destruction of hundreds of homes and the displacement of thousands of people. Recent Government assessment teams report the following: 35 sucos and seven sub-districts in Baucau and Viqueque are affected; the bulk of the burnt of destroyed houses are in Afaloicai and Babulo sub-districts in Viqueque; and most displacements occurred within those sub-districts, with the exception of three sucos in Uatocarbau sub-district.

However, the situation has steadily improved. Viqueque’s affected population has decreased from 5125 on 27 August to 2497 on 26 September 2007. Baucau’s figures have decreased from 2712 to 1114 over the same period.

Consolidated Appeals Process for Timor-Leste

So far, the 2007 Consolidated Appeal is 54.9% funded with US$ 19 million received out of the US$ 35.5 million requested.

The Food sector is one of the most funded (75% of requirement) with over US$ 10.5 million received. Unfortunately, some sectors such as Education, Security, Shelter and Non-food items have not received any funds yet. General information about the Consolidated Appeal Process is available at http://www.humanitarianappeal.net and
http://www.reliefweb.int/fts.

International Compact

The process of compiling and drafting the results of the Workshops were finalized 15 August. A draft document summarising the results of the Compact workshops will be released for further review and comment. The Compact is due to be launched in October. For more information on the Timor-Leste Compact see
http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/RWB.NSF/db900SID/EKOI-73B2HD?OpenDocument .

III. SECTOR UPDATES

Sector working groups are kindly requested to submit summaries of their activities, achievements and other issues of note to the wider humanitarian community for inclusion in future Humanitarian Updates. Please submit inputs to Ms. Nadia Hadi, hadin@un.org, by Thursday 18 October by 5 pm for inclusion in the next Update.

Food

The follow-up WFP Dili Emergency Food Security Assessment mission completed field surveys on 28 September. The objective was to identify patterns of food insecurity among the population in IDP camps and neighbouring communities in Dili some 18 months after the 2006 crisis. The findings of the assessment will help in the establishment of strategies to improve food security and targeting of food insecure populations in communities and IDP camps in Dili. In total, 613 randomly selected households (50% in IDP camps and 50% in neighbouring communities) were interviewed. The preliminary findings were shared with Government and the humanitarian community. The report will be available in mid- October.

Sexual and Gender Based Violence

UNICEF held a meeting on Friday, 28 September to present preliminary results of the Vulnerable Persons Unit (VPU) assessment mission regarding GBV. Preliminary recommendations include increases in resources for the districts and logistical budgets and emphasis on data collection and analysis. A final report is expected in late October.

Shelter

On 26 September, the Government’s Council of Ministers approved a tent replacement programme in preparation for the upcoming wet season. The modalities and specifics of the programme remain under discussion, but it is envisioned that most tents will be replaced before the onset of wet season.

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Working Group (WWG)

Water and Sanitation Working Group members continue with ongoing activities such as trucking water and monitoring water quality, cleaning septic tanks, partnering with health and hygiene promotion programmes and the ongoing maintenance of water and sanitation facilities in IDP camps. These services continue to be provided or coordinated by DNAS, World Vision, Plan, UNICEF, Oxfam, HealthNet, CVTL, CARE and CRS.

WWG agreed that, where appropriate and possible, WWG will undertake minimum wet season preparations, including raising tents, securing septic tanks and conducting internal drainage. WWG will also prepare an emergency pump to respond to minor flooding in camps and revise contingency plans to prepare for the possibility of major flooding.

The Ministry of Health, WHO and Oxfam are preparing for a program to conduct residual spraying in IDP camps for vector control. Training is also being planned with IOM for SLS and Health teams for identification of vector breeding sites and appropriate responses to decrease vector numbers.

DNAS and PLAN have conducted a water and sanitation assessment of IDPs living next to the police station in Metinaro, which will be released soon.

Oxfam is in the process of decommissioning the Salessiana IDP camp and is assisting UNICEF in the decommissioning of Canossa Becora.

Water and sanitation agencies Plan, Oxfam and UNICEF continue to work with DNAS to improve water and sanitation facilities to increase the sustainability of IDP camps, including reducing the need and cost of long-term water trucking and emptying septic tanks.

Under the technical guidance of DNAS, Oxfam and CVTL continue to respond to the IDP presence in Ermera.

IV. AGENCY/ORGANISATION REPORTS

The following section features detailed contributions fromour humanitarian partners. This week’s update includes inputs from WFP, Plan and IOM. Minutes of Working Groups meetings are available at http://www.mtrc.gov.tl/info/type.php?id=7.

Humanitarian organizations are kindly requested to submit summaries of their activities, achievements and other issues of note to the wider humanitarian community for inclusion in future Humanitarian Updates. Please submit inputs to Ms. Nadia Hadi, hadin@un.org, by Thursday 18 October by 5 pm for inclusion in the next Update.

WORLD FOOD PROGRAMME (WFP)

Food Distribution

* WFP dispatched a total of 482 MT of assorted food commodities in the reporting period (19 September-2 October), including 183 MT to Dili IDP camps under General Food Distribution and 299 MT to Ainaro, Bobonaro, Covalima and Liquca districts for Maternal and Child Health, School Feeding and Food for Work/Asset programmes.

Food Security Assessment

* The follow-up WFP Dili Emergency Food Security Assessment mission completed field surveys on 28 September. The objective is to identify patterns of food insecurity among the population in IDP camps and neighbouring communities in Dili some 18 months after the 2006 crisis. Furthermore, the assessment will establish strategies to improve food security and de-link IDP status to automatic entitlement to food aid. In total, 613 randomly selected households (50% in IDP camps and 50% in neighbouring communities) were interviewed. The preliminary findings were shared with the Government and the humanitarian community. The report will be available in mid-October.

General Food distribution

* Food was provided to approximately 64,456 IDPs in 55 camps in Dili under the second food distribution cycle completed at the end of September. No major security incidents inside the camps occurred during the distribution. According to Government food aid policy to IDPs, the third and last food distribution cycle commenced on 1 October and is scheduled finish on 19 October, targeting approximately 70,000 IDPs.

Food for Work/Asset

* In Covalima district, 13 sucos in Suai and Zumalai sub-districts affected by the recent floods have been selected for the Food for Work/Asset (FFW/A) programme during 2007/2008. A total of 66 FFW/A proposals were submitted to WFP for review and the field verification process. The approved projects will begin activities this month.

* In Oecusse district, 43 FFW/A projects were identified, of which 20 projects have been implemented during the reporting period. The rest of projects, including road rehabilitation and maintenance, fencing and land reclamation, will start soon.

* On 21 September, an agreement was signed between Agriculture School, Oecusse and WFP to provide 63 final year students with supplementary food for their agricultural field assistance to the local population as part of the academic curriculum. The activities include land reclamation and livestock development, some of which are conducted under FFW/A programme. The students will also be responsible for a school gardening programme, in close cooperation with Department of Agriculture and Education.

PLAN

Child Protection

* Plan has held consultations with Motael, ex-CRS, Farol and Central Pharmacy IDP camps about building child-friendly spaces where children may play and study safely, happily and under supervision. The children in these camps were consulted about what sort of activities they would like and where they felt comfortable, and the camps were assessed for suitable locations.

* With MSS, Plan has conducted intensive child protection training for community-based child protection focal points from 13 sucos in Dili.

Water and Environmental Sanitation

* Plan has completed construction of additional latrines in Farol Primary School, Jardim and Motael Church and Clinic IDP camps.

* Plan continues to work on construction of additional latrines in four IDP camps: Metinaro, Jardim, Motael Church and Clinic.

* Together with DNAS, Plan has begun assessing long-term, alternative water supply systems for the Metinaro IDP camp.

* Plan continues to deliver 45,000 litres of water per day to Metinaro IDP camp, with three trucks making three trips from Dili daily. It is holding discussions with camp management with a view to reducing this water trucking from Dili in the second week of October, and instead accessing the borehole in Metinaro town.

Livelihoods

* The first of Plan’s community-based youth employment projects have commenced in crisis-affected
communities in Lautem.

INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATION FOR MIGRATION (IOM)

Transport/Logistics Operations

In support of ongoing Government assistance to displaced populations, last week IOM assisted WFP to
distribute 41.25 MT of rice and other commodities to IDP camps in Dili and surrounding areas.

Camp Management and Coordination Activities

Status of IOM camp management and Emergency Response teams:

IOM has camp management teams in the following camps: Comoro airport, two Tibar camps, UIR, Hera Port, Metinaro, Jardim, two Lecidere camps, nine Farol camps and the Sional (ex-Chinese Consulate) camp. The Dare, Lacoto and Cotolau IDP sites also receive support from IOM. IOM currently supports Concern (NGO) in the management of the Obrigado Barracks and Hospital camps. IOM has also recently begun providing support to Austcare in the management of the Arte Moris site.

IOM also has a Camp Management Mobile team which undertakes the following roles:

1. To provide continuing support across the total range of camp management functions in camps, at the request of any non-IOM SLS agency responsible for those camps.

2. At the request of, or following agreement from, the responsible Ministry, assume temporary management or SLS responsibility for newly established camps following primary or secondary displacement due to violence or other events such as flooding.

3. Upon request, provide more limited “one-off” assistance at specific sites in response to issues requiring additional technical expertise or human resource support.

IOM has a dedicated international staff member who liaises with the Ministry of Social Solidarity (MSS) and IOM’s Emergency Response Teams to maximise the effectiveness of joint humanitarian operations. IOM also seconds an Advisor to the Ministry’s Simu Malu Coordinator.

Camp Trends/Priority Issues

Comoro Airport Camp

* A water and sanitation assessment has been done at the camp. Repair work based on the assessment is
ongoing.

* The camp school is still operating, and 73 children are currently attending classes. IOM and UNICEF are
currently working closely with the Ministry of Education to seek official recognition for the school.

* The IDPs have complained that unidentified people have been throwing stones at the tents in the camp on
a nightly basis. The camp manager will consult with community leaders in Beto (neighbouring community)
to raise the issue and seek solutions to the problem. IOM is currently supporting this effort.

* Tents continue to deteriorate in the camp and IDPs continue to request new tents.

Metinaro Camp

* Some IDPs have requested that IOM make a request to MSS regarding the need for more Government assistance to IDPs. The nature of the request remains general and IOM is following up to identify specific issues of concern.

* IDPs have asked MSS and WFP distribute food on Friday, 5 October.

* This week IOM visited the camp along with Alola Foundation, which is starting a handicraft program for women at the camp. IOM and Alola conducted tent-by-tent visits to monitor the new activities.

* IOM has been informed of a shortage of medicine in the camp. IOM is in the process of making a request to the Ministry of Health to provide additional supplies.

* Most elementary school students from the camp are currently not attending their classes because of security concerns. Many IDPs have suggested setting up an elementary school inside the camp. The IDPs have requested school and other materials for this initiative. IOM continues to liaise with the Ministry of Education and security providers to address the issue. IOM hopes a solution that strengthens IDP and community interaction can be found.

* IOM has registered non-food items distributed thus far in the camp and has notified CRS. The distribution will continue this week.

Farol Camps

* Distribution for the third cycle of rice in the Farol camps commenced this week. Due to increased IDP numbers in the Belun and Escola Primaria camps, IOM is currently verifying the list of newcomers with camp managers.

* MSS is currently not able to provide additional tents for the two families currently residing in the school library at the Escola Primaria camp. MSS has communicated to IOM that the provision of tents will be contingent upon the new tent policy that is under consideration. IOM will re-visit these families to inform them of this decision and discuss other possibilities.

* With support from IOM, Motael’s child focal point held a ceremony with dancing, singing and speeches. IOM, HealthNet and PLAN will provide prizes to the children following last week’s painting competition.

* Mobile clinic services for IDPs continue in the Farol camps on a regular basis.

* UNPOL visited Motael camp to follow-up a security incident. IOM informed camp management of the visit.

* As the result of a security incident in the Motael camp one IDP was transported to the National Hospital and is receiving treatment.

* PLAN is currently constructing additional toilets at Motael and Escola Primaria camps. IOM’s water and sanitation focal point is monitoring the work.

* IOM and PLAN will hold a final evaluation of the water and sanitation training held last week.

* IOM and PLAN will work in the coming weeks to activate the community action plans for Motael, Escola Primaria, Belun and Borja camps.

* The IDPs are concerned about the current shelter situation in the camp. IOM also recognises the extremely poor conditions of the tents, and is working with humanitarian partners and Government to inform the new tent policy currently under development.

* IOM has identified a number of IDPs in the Farol camps who wish to return home, but require building material to repair or rebuild damaged houses. IOM has informed MSS of this issue. Sional Camp (ex-Chinese Consulate)

* Before the third cycle of food distribution IOM has observed an increase in the number of IDPs in Sional camp. IOM has held a meeting with the camp manager to verify camp registration data. The data will be sent to MSS for final approval prior to the WFP food distribution.

* IOM continues to liaise with UNICEF regarding the establishment of health promotion and monitoring activities in the camp.

* IOM continues work with the Water and Sanitation Working Group to complete a weekly monitoring checklist.

* UNPOLl is conducting weekly visits to the Sional camp.

* Due to the increased number of IDPs in the Sional camp, IOM has held a meeting with the camp management to discuss the possibility of conducting a new registration at the camp. IOM is currently liaising with MSS regarding the Government’s policy on food distribution for newcomers to the camp. It seems a significant portion of newcomers are IDPs returning from the districts. Tibar (Turleu and Matadouro)

* Food distribution took place this week. IOM will socialise the new food distribution date with camp management before the next scheduled delivery date.

* IOM discussed rainy season preparedness with the IDPs. Topics ranged from identifying potential problems to solutions sought during the last wet season.

* IOM, with specialised water and sanitation staff, performed a rapid rainy season preparedness assessment in the camp, including inspection of latrines and septic tanks. The IOM team prepared a brief report and recommendations to present to UNICEF.

* IOM transported medical staff to the Turleu camp this week for their weekly visit.

* IOM and NRC are requesting additional medical supplies for the Tibar IDP population from the Ministry of Health and Liquica District Clinic. IOM has prioritised this need and will continue to follow-up.

* IOM facilitated a meeting with Marie Stopes Foundation and Tibar IDPs. The goal of the meeting was to socialise the Foundation’s programme on reproductive issues and determine a start date for awareness raising activities.

* IOM, at the request of OCHA and MSS, has conducted a tent counting exercise in all Tibar area IDP camps to provide data for future rainy season preparedness and tent replacement plans.

* The Government has requested 13 families in Matadouro camp to leave the slaughterhouse that is owned by the Ministry of Agriculture. IOM has verified these families have no alternative shelter. IOM has requested these families be included in a future tent replacement strategy. IOM will continue to monitor the situation and ensure IDP’s shelter needs are adequately addressed before any further action is taken. Dare and Lakoto sites

* IOM and World Vision are responding to water and sanitation issues in the camp regarding latrine construction and piping. World Vision will take responsibility for this work. IOM will continue to follow up and monitor the progress.

* IOM is continuing to follow up on the issue of tent replacement for IDPs at the site with MSS. IOM has identified sites for new tents as part of the rainy season preparedness plans at the site. Cotolao site

* IOM has identified five new families in Cotolao. IOM will coordinate with MSS to see if these families are eligible for food distribution. IOM will continue to monitor the situation.

Hera Port Camp

* HealthNet, in coordination with IOM and camp management, continues to conduct regular health promotion activities at the camp. This week’s health promotion topic was malaria prevention.

* Oxfam, with support from IOM, continues to conduct health monitoring activities in the camp.

* Following a meeting with Oxfam to discuss the water and sanitation issues at the camp, IOM has observed the placement of limitations on the IDP’s water supply by Port authorities. IOM will work with Oxfam to promote sustainable water management in the camp.

* The IOM SLS team is liaising with Oxfam regarding rubbish scattered around the camp. Oxfam will place rubbish containers at several points throughout the camp.

* Last Saturday, IOM facilitated a cleaning event in the camp. This included the facilitation of an SAS visit to collect rubbish and several cleaning activities for the IDP population.

* The child focal point continues to run child friendly activities three times per week. Animation activities for children include singing, dancing and games.

* On Thursday, 27 September, IOM facilitated ‘go & see’ visits to the Hera transitional shelter site for four IDP families from the camp.

* IOM is preparing to host a meeting with a number of stakeholders, including the IDP community, the Hera suco council, NRC, MSS and Oxfam, to discuss the voluntary relocation of IDPs to the Hera transitional shelter site.

* Last weekend, IOM assisted camp management in constructing a camp management office. This included the provision of a truck to load palm leaves and wood for the construction of the office. HospitalCamp

* The IOM team conducted a meeting with Oxfam to request fencing around latrines for sanitation purposes. Oxfam will take this into consideration when constructing the two new units of latrines.

* Oxfam has finished the first unit of latrines and the second unit will be finished within a week.

* IOM liaised with SAS on Monday, 1 October, regarding a leaking septic tank at the camp. SAS has emptied the tank.

* Oxfam has repaired a malfunctioning generator for the water pump at the camp.

* The IOM team has made a request to MSS for tarps for the 20 families that will relocate from hospital buildings to the hospital parking lot.

* IOM continues to monitor the requests for new tents by the IDPs.

Obrigado Barracks Camp

* IOM is following up with water and sanitation providers to repair a damaged toilet at the camp.

* One Cuban doctor is now visiting the camp on a weekly basis (Tuesdays).

* The 28 families residing in UNMIT containers have opted to set up individual tents instead of relocating into two large UN tents provided.

* Concern and IOM will distribute non-food items (NFIs) to the 28 families before they relocate from the containers.

* CCF and UNICEF continue to run daily children’s activities at the camp.

* IOM is organising a meeting with IDPs and camp service providers to discuss and plan the relocation process of the 28 families from UNMIT containers. The topics will include distribution of NFIs to the affected IDPs, assistance to IDPs to relocate from the containers, the removal of the containers by UNMIT and gravelling of the site by UNICEF. Those in attendance will include IOM and Concern, UN Logistics department (J-LOC), UNICEF, the camp manager and IDP representatives.

Lecidere Camps

* The IOM SLS team is currently verifying camp registration data at Camara and Canossian camps.

* IOM held a coordination meeting with Oxfam this week to discuss ongoing water and sanitation concerns in both the Lecidere and UIR camps. Discussions regarding the Lecidere camps included the ongoing drainage problem at the Camara camp, the end of water trucking at Canossian camp, stolen water pumps in both camps, and rainy season preparedness plans.

* IOM has identified a number of IDPs at both sites who wish to return home but require building material to repair or rebuild houses. IOM is liaising with MSS regarding this information and will continue to monitor the issue.

* The IDPs have raised concerns about the current shelter situation in the camp. IOM will continue to inform MSS of these concerns while the Government is formulating a tent replacement strategy. UIR Camp

* Last week, the IOM SLS team provided transportation for the camp management to a meeting at the MSS for all camp coordinators.

* Last week, the IOM SLS team held a coordination meeting with Oxfam, the water and sanitation agency for the UIR and Lecidere camps. At the meeting the team raised several issues including using camp water resources for the gardening project, the possibility of initiating sustainable water management activities in the camp and the progress of latrine construction.

* IOM is in the process of evaluating the utility of English classes for IDPs and UIR IDPs now that school has restarted and a number of IDPs and community members are not present in the camp during the day. IOM Mobile Team

* The IOM Mobile Team has participated in a meeting on mental health on Thursday, 20 September. IOM is part of a committee that is organising the World Mental Health celebration day on 10 October. IOM will provide logistics and other support to the event.

* The IOM Mobile Team conducted a visit to the Metinaro camp. During the visit, the mobile team gathered camp-specific information and assessed ongoing activities at the camp, including protection and return and reintegration initiatives.

IOM support to the Child Protection Support Team (ST)

* The ST met with the health coordinator from Care International, who informed IOM that Care is providing health assistance to the camps in which Care works as an SLS, including the Central Farmasi and Seminario Maior camps.

* The team also followed up on health issues in the UIR camp. The camp manager informed the focal point that a Cuban doctor will provide medical care for IDPs on a weekly basis.

* During visits to Bebonuk camp the team observed a few child-specific health and shelter issues. This information will be shared at the next child protection support team meeting.

* Over the last week the team has conducted psychosocial activities for children aged 3-15 in the UIR Camp.

IOM and BELUN Support to Suco Councils

* IOM and Belun held a training for Vila Verde Suco Council members on administration.

* IOM and BELUN have finalised the form for the survey of the IDPs that have already returned to their homes in the Hera and Vila Verde. IOM and BELUN prepared training materials for the survey and conducted training on 24-25 September for those who will assist in conducting the survey. IOM and BELUN are working very closely with the suco councils in this activity.

Livru Mata Dalan (Guidebooks on Citizenry)

* IOM and BELUN have finalised and published a Livru Mata Dalan on “dialogue” which will be provided to suco councils, IDPs, NGOs, Government departments and a wide range of other local and international partners.

* IOM and BELUN are in the process of finalising a Livru Mata Dalan for suco councils, and are liaising with the Ministry of State Administration for approval.

* *** *

Comments, suggestions and inputs are most welcome.

Please do not hesitate to contact OCHA/UNMIT Integrated Humanitarian Unit (Nadia Hadi, hadin@un.org)

[see original PDF for Anneses, they are maps- JMM/ETAN]

Annex A: Indication of IDP Populations in Dili

Annex B: Existing IDP Camps and Transitional Shelter Sites

Annex C: Movement of IDPs Out of Camps

http://www.internal-displacement.org/8025708F004CE90B/(httpDocuments)/D767C3563261219FC125736F004F8AE1/$file/Humanitarian+Update+5+October.pdf

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