Monthly Archives: July 2006

Around Golpe In Miles Davis’ Trumpet

That night I was learning to keep my blues away. Miles Davis’ trumpet fills the air, “Song Of Our Country” from the album SKETCHES OF SPAIN. Then suddenly, “Coy, could u write smthn abt PM José Ramos-Horta, plz!” Rico Aditjondro, editor of Paras Indonesia, asked me through SMS.

Rahung Nasution

Message from Dili 12/07/2006

Hello everybody,

As you know Alkitiri has resigned and Ramos-Horta has now been sworn in as caretaker Prime Minister for the next 9 months. Read his speech, which I will forward, I’m afraid I don’t think he is a good choice. He is an independent and has nothing to do with the ideals of Fretlin left movement, he has many friends in Western power, including his buddies in America and Australia. Already there is talk of taking a loan from the the World Bank, he talks of how Alkitiri has done much for the country and he will follow in his footsteps,if that is so why did he not defend Alkitiri’s policies and stop this mess happening. Reading between the lines of the speech he is going to destroy many good initiatives, the church, Ramos-Horta does not go to, is being lauded as a means of controlling the people, and the there is talk of university being made more accessible, but to who, there is no talk of primary education being improved – it will be accessible to the elite in my opinion. As to him being put in stopping the violence, well yes it has stopped immediate violence, but the undercurrent is still there.

My friend Yasinti, she works with me came back from Oecussi, she had been visiting her family, to find she had no home. All her possessions had been stolen at the beginning of the troubles and her and her family had been living in a displaced peoples camp, but she thought now the terror had supposedly stopped they would be able to go back to there home and start repairs. Her home has been taken over by thugs from the west of East Timor, she was asked who gave you permission to come here by the thugs. she said it is my home, they replied not any more go.

This is happening all over LH is now doing research on the violence and security, guess who has lost their home in this way will be part of this. In the meanwhile Ramos-Horta continues Xanana’s line of forgive your neighbour – no justice in other words, last week before he was made Prime Minister there was talk of him making the perpetrators of crimes responsible and of giving people there homes back – all promises seem to have been forgotten. Not sure why he got accepted by Fretlin, accept I think it was the right wing element who brokered him as a compromise PM. Bit like New Labour making itself acceptable to the conservatives.

On Saturday finished the investigations into the murder of Gill, I will forward the information, I’m composing a file which I would like sent on to Amnesty hoping to finish it today, but will probably forward separate testimonies as a precaution. While I was at Dom Bosco learned someone from Narciso’s family was getting married, phoned Narciso who asked me to track down where they were. Did this, Narciso, myself and Rosa then joined friends for the reception. There was an air of tension, the reception was at held at their home, the family had been living at Dom Bosco.

Their home is in an area where Loro Sae people have been attacked, although I was told immediate neighbours are fine, but everyone felt uncomfortable. Men have been coming down from Manleuana (where the petitioners are living) and attacking Loro Sae people including people in displaced camps, the wedding reception was held in an area where this has happened. Most people left after half an hour, we stayed a little longer and talked over what was happening, but then we left. Narciso has been told by some people that he looks like Alkitiri’s body guard, that’s enough to get beaten up in the new Timor Leste.

Again ADF seem unable to maybe they don’t want to stop any of the new violence and intimidation, so people live in a vacuum wondering will they still have a home tomorrow and will they be attacked.

There has again been talk of people at Sahe, office here next door to me. having weapons. Read into that there are people who are left leaning or come from Los Palos living there, lets make a problem for them.

On the surface things seem fine but the undercurrents are always at play.

Lidia Dili

Small farming coop appeal Los Palos

Dear All,

Know we have asked for funds for humanitarian aid but this is an appeal to keep grass roots organisation in Los Palos going.

Neine, Zequito’s brother, has a co-operative up and running in Los Palos town. They are working on small farming projects, finding openings for traditional products to be sold, environmental issues, and keeping people in the area informed on what is happening, this is very important and it is difficult, people have to travel from Dili or phone with information, well you all know how bad phone connections are. Grass roots work with people in the Los Palos area, including Mehara – Narciso’s village that at the moment has the water project running, he also has a gardening project going.

Appealing from funds to keep these initives going, we are hoping to get at least enough money to pay for a lap top, pens, paper and of course phone cards, no one in the organisations has paid work.

If we manage to get funds for a lap top, doesn’t have to be new we are hoping that Jim will buy it and bring it Timor Leste when he comes in August, lap tops are extremely pricey here.

Can I just add its very difficult to get funding for grass roots organisations here?

Can people please pass this appeal on and put it on the web? Funds can be forwarded to TETS bank account, address is on TETS web.

Thanks a lot.

In Solidarity Lidia

P.S. Families in Loro Mata and Villa Verdi ask me to pass on grateful thanks to Tyneside and Liverpool solidarities for helping them feed their familes when all other avenues seemed closed.

Thanks Lidia

Translation of Xanana’s speach 22/06/2006

This is Xanana’s speech, the one where he names Farol – which was why we had the thugs circulating us. Have asked a few people to read and comment, I am told it is a rewrite of history. He seems to have forgotten everything that happened in the jungle.

Can you get it on the web please?

lidia tindle


22 June 2006


Dear suffering people

Leaders and Members of Fretilin

I seek permission from all of you to speak a little bit about Fretilin because I know Fretilin, through some, or all of the Delegates who participated in the recent Congress, who only knew how to raise their hands because they fear losing their jobs, their means of feeding the wives and children, and because they received money under the table (I know of a person who received US$ 100,000 to buy-off the other Delegates, but I do not know whether this person distributed the money properly or only gave out $500 to the delegates and kept the rest of the money in his/her own pocket). However, it does not matter, how rich she/he will become as a result, is a private matter; therefore it is not the problem of the People because the money belongs to the Party.

Dear friends

I was a Member of Fretilin’s Central Committee until I resigned in 1986.

For the crises and violence which erupted right after the Congress of Fretilin – because as the President of the Republic, I must guard the life of the democratic institutions – I have to issue a strong criticism on the Congress which took place from 17 until 19 of May recently. This particular congress violated paragraph c), article 18, Law No. 3/2004 on Political Parties, which states: “Holders (those who hold or receive a position) of leading organs can only be elected by means of a direct and secret vote by all party members or by an assembly representing them.” Article 46 of the RDTL Constitution, in section 3 states that: “the establishment and the organization of Political Parties shall be regulated by law.” The law referred to, is the Law No. 3/2004.

Any law issued in our Country should not violate the National Constitution. All the organizations regulated by law should not violate that same law. This is the basic principle of Law, and the Government has many experts and experts who, having made the laws, are the same ones who violate the same law for the sake of their own interests.

Because they are the ones who know much better than anyone else in the world, and other people are merely “supermi” (underdogs), the recent Congress of Fretilin managed to violate the law which they themselves had created by having the majority [of their members] in the Parliament and all the experts in the Government who wrote the law. They managed to eliminate the ‘secret vote’ [mode] and replace it with “vote of show of hands”, and made all the people laugh and at the same time became sad with the comedy which this big and historic Party had performed and left behind as a history for our future. (Because it will be also be kept in history that I too have baptized the GMT (Gedung Matahari Terbit = The Sun Rise Building) to GAT (Gedung Angkat Tangan = The Building of Raising Hands), to ensure that there will no more be a Party in our country that will fool the people around, by violating the very laws which they themselves, the politicians, had drafted and approved).

Dearly beloveds,

We all know that Fretilin is an historical party. On 20 May 1974, ASDT (Timorese Social Democratic Association) was founded. With the influence of fellow Timorese university students who were studying in Portugal at that time, including Abílio Araújo, on 11 September of the same year, ASDT/FRETILIN was created, and later became known simply as Fretilin.

The young university students injected into ASDT/Fretilin, revolutionary orientations which they had learned during the fascist colonialist regime under Salazar and Marcelo Caetano.

All of us can see that FRETILIN is a Revolutionary Front. During a meeting of the Central Committee of Fretilin in Laline in May 1977, the Marxist-Leninist ideology was adopted. I myself participated as a member of the Central Committee. Some friends who participated as members of the Central Committee are still alive today, namely Abel Ximenes Lari Sina, Filomeno Paixão, Feliciano de Fátima and Má Huno.

However, I can say to you that in 1975 Timor-Leste was very backward. It is only lately that technology in the world developed considerably and had made our world become smaller. I fully believe with all my heart that had Nicolau Lobato, Sahe, Carvarino, Hamis Basarewan, César Mau Laka, Hélio Pina and Inácio Fonseca and many others been alive until 2006, in this era of post-cold war, in this era of globalization and technology, they would all see that for the Timor-Leste which they love so much and for which they have given their lives, the old ideology would no longer be suitable. Today, a small group, which came from abroad, would like to repeat the actions which we have already experienced from 1975 until 1978.

As we all say in August 1975, UDT launched a coup in order to chase away the communist followers from our country, and that sparked the civil war among the Timorese. In 2006, Fretilin wanted to launch a coup to kill democracy which they themselves placed in the Constitution. The distribution of weapons is not only carried out for this current situation we are going through, but it has been in their plans [all along] to do so in order to face the 2007 elections. That is why we have always heard them say, that Fretilin is the only one that can create stability or instability.

When the support bases were dismantled in 1975, our fellow comrades in the eastern part of Timor-Leste and I myself, your humble servant, tried to organize ourselves and find other fellows in the other sectors in the areas of Bazartete/Liquica, Same and Ainaro. If you do not believe this, please ask the fellow Veterans who are [now] in F-FDTL, since you might think that I am only inventing [this story] to show off, because some people I know, who have just joined Fretilin Party look down on us with one eye only, as if they were the only ones who participated in the war.

Dear friends,

All members of Fretilin

In March 1981, a conference was held in Laline in order to reorganize the Resistance [movement], and as we used to say, we transitioned to the phase of guerilla warfare. Just as in the recent crises we are currently going through, the Council of State stated that we should look carefully into, and prioritize the problems, because we do not have the capacity to resolve all of the problems all at once; therefore, in 1981 too, our priority was to reorganize [ourselves] first.

So, in 1981 we still held on to the ‘ideological orientation” which were passed on to us by the experts and the leaders. In 1983, during the period of cease fire with the TNIs, from March until August, we started to talk about democracy. So, in 1984, in order to correct the failures of EMG-Falintil, in the Central Region emerged the ‘CC Hudi Laran’ (Banana Field) [group] which refused to accept the political changes, which, in our view, better fitted our Resistance movement. As far as this [story] is concerned, [I wish to state that] many [of our contemporary] fellows are still alive [today] and can tell the story much better, with more ‘flowery and elaborated details,’ for they may think that I simply wanted to show myself off as if I am the only one who writes about our history.

I then started to send letters abroad, addressed to the DFSE (Fretilin Delegation for Overseas Service)­you can ask Mr. Abílio Araújo, who was elected by us in March 1981 as the President of FRETILIN and, according to the Statute of the Party, also became the President of RDTL.

I also informed those who were abroad, that inside the Country, the National Unity had been established, from Tutuala to the [Indonesian] Border from Oecusse up to Jaco [island]; the Church had also joined the resistance [movement], and those from other political parties had also begun to join in the resistance [movement]. Therefore, I wrote to all our friends who were overseas [and requested them] to sit together with UDT, so that they might embrace each other again.

[However, sadly,] out there in the world, in places such Portugal, Mozambique and also Australia, perhaps the “intel” (Indonesian intelligent agents) had been spying on the Timorese people so they were prevented from moving around freely [to meet each other], or perhaps the “mau-hu” (Timorese intelligent agents working for Indonesia) were following their shadows everywhere, so it took them a long time before they could meet with each other and [finally] created the ‘National Convergence”, which would still face many problems ­ you can ask the members of Fretilin who were overseas, Mr. João Carrascalão and Mr. Vicente Guterres. I mentioned their names here so that you may feel free to ask them if you think I am lying.

What is more, the stories reached our fellow Timorese overseas that Gadapaksi (Youth Front for Upholding Pancasila: Indonesian ideology) inside our country had hit our youths black and blue. As a result, in Mozambique, Rogério tried to “gain [the same] experience” by making the [fellow Timorese] stab each other, and Ramos-Horta ended up becoming their prisoner. President Chissano, who at the time was the Foreign Minister [of Mozambique] was the one who released Ramos-Horta. If you think I am lying, please ask them because they were the ones who lived in [peace and] tranquility of Mozambique, studying to become doctors in the last twenty four years.

After the Nationalist Convergence was established in Lisbon, in the jungle, I was very pleased because this meant another major step forward. In December 1986, I created the CNRM, and I abandoned Fretilin because as the Commander of the Asswain Falintil [Falintil Fighters], I [had the responsibility to] remove FALINTIL from a [single] Party’s influence.

In this manner, FALINTIL then became the Liberation Army for all People, for all parties, for everyone, from loromonu (Western part of Timor-Leste) as well as lorosae (eastern part of Timor-Leste), from tasi feto (north sea) as well as tasi mane (south sea), uniting from [Mount] Ramelau up to [Mount] Matebian.

I informed the Timorese [community] who were overseas that as the Commander of FALINTIL, I was the one who was leading the war. I also stated that I continued to respect FRETILIN, and that the members of the Central Committee who were with me the jungle [had also] joined the CNRM.

Lu Olo had said that during the last 24 years he had always carried the flag of Fretilin in his bag; perhaps it was indeed true, but I never saw it. When I traveled as a member of FRETILIN’s Central Committee to the central part of Timor-Leste to reorganize the Resistance [movement], I remembered that he, Lu-Olo, was hiding in Builó. Perhaps, he was sewing the bag in which he would keep the flag of FRETILIN.

Lu-Olo also said that those who abandon FRETILIN are traitors, and they have no history. These words are empty and stupid because then I would have to be the first traitor and the biggest one too, towards the People of this land, and this Country. I had left FRETILIN in order to liberate our Country and our People. It was because I did not kill FRETILIN and continue to respect FRETILIN that Lu Olo could become the President, and became smart by raising the first card at the National Parliament, so that the majority would follow and vote against or in favour of [something]. Had I been conscious of myself as a traitor in the history, I would have gone back to join Fretilin, and perhaps Lu Olo might not have become the President of Fretilin.

Dear friends

Members of Fretilin

As I have mentioned above, there were strong protests from overseas saying that I had killed Fretilin. Abílio Araújo wrote to all members of FRETILIN and asked that we reorganize ourselves. We met. Mau Huno, Mau Hodu, Konis Santana as the members of the Central Committee of FRETILIN and I decided to remove Abílio Araújo [as the leader], because during the war we could not [afford to] receive orders from outside. Those who were overseas should receive orientations from those of us inside the country.

Even in the jungle we used to receive newspapers from Portugal with various information, and listened to the radio, so that we knew that those overseas within FRETILIN itself did not get along with each other, and were not united. Ask José Luis Guterres, Ramos Horta and Abílio Araújo whether the things I am saying are true or not.

We noticed that instead of focusing their attention on the suffering of the People [in the country], they fought each other for the position of the President of FRETILIN, and then tried to lead the war from overseas. In the jungle, no one tried to occupy a seat, [we] only wanted to serve by continuing the struggle; and the three of them told me that none of them wanted to become the President of FRETILIN.

So, we decided to create the CDF ( Directive Commission of FRETILIN) in order to avoid the intellectual ones overseas fight against each other and try to become the President of FRETILIN. If you do not believe this, ask Lu Olo where he was at that time. If he was at that Meeting, then he would be able to say whether I am telling a lie [or not], [and] whether I am making up the story because it is not true.

Please also ask Lu Olo why, in the end, he was the only one left to lead the Directive Commission of FRETILIN in the jungle. Was it not because Mau Hunu and Mau-Hudo had been captured and Konis Santana had died? In this world, some people are quick to forget other people’s bones and blood shed for ” Independence” and even worse, spit saliva on their tombs.

In the jungle, we also read about the accusations by Amnesty International and Human Rights Organizations, that FRETILIN also committed crimes. I sent a message abroad, recognizing that FRETILIN did kill people because of ideological problems (differences), and regretted it. Abroad, everyone became very angry with me. Abílio Araújo immediately issued a declaration to deny, and said that what I had said were lies.

From then on, I closed the door to them, because it was through the reports and information I had sent to them that they were able to speak to the world. Only in 1989 did I send information and reports to CDPM (Commission for the Rights of the Maubere People) which were led by Portuguese friends.

All friends

Members of Fretilin

In 1989, while I was in Ainaro, I received a letter from Rogério Lobato accusing all those overseas of doing nothing, and also stated that once the war was over, everyone should be subjected to a public tribunal. It was Rogério who informed me, through that same letter, that Marí Alkatiri was busy caring for his rabbits and chickens in Maputo.

In 1990 I received a letter from Ramos-Horta who offered himself to become my special representative and CNRM Representative overseas. I was hiding in Becora when I wrote back to him saying that I agreed to his proposal, with the condition that he must follow the principles and political orientations of CNRM, and that he must follow my words. He then replied to me saying that he had also ‘abandoned FRETILIN’ in order to serve the struggle. If you, friends, do not believe this, please ask Ramos-Horta.

In 1991, in November, on the Santa Cruz Incident, some friends tend to account more towards Fretilin. I respect your sufferings but please do not throw other people’s thoughts and actions into the mud. By doing so, it shows that we do not have political honesty. We should not say that only FRETILIN’s flag [was there], because I personally was the one who gave the instructions, to bring also UDT’s flag and the Portuguese flag, because according to the UN resolution, Portugal was still the ‘administering power’ [of Timor-Leste].

The [aim of the] demonstration was to demand for a ‘peaceful solution’ under the auspices of the United Nations, with the participation of Portugal and other Political Parties. I truly ask, let it not be said that it was the initiative of FRETILIN because it was not so, because there existed one Commander of Struggle from the CNRM.

In late 1998, I gave authorization to Manuel Tilman, Father Francisco Fernandez, Father Domingos Maubere and Father Filomeno Jacob to go to Portugal to help Ramos-Horta and FRETILIN as well as UDT to organize a Conference aimed at changing CNRM to CNRT, so that it would embrace all Timorese. This was due to the fact that UDT did not accept the term “Maubere”, and wanted the “T” to represent Timorese. If you do not believe this, please ask Mr. João Carrascalão and others who used to be overseas.

Dear friends

Members of Fretilin

In 1998 if I am not mistaken, during the era of Reformation in Indonesia, I myself asked Mau Hudu to go to Sydney and I wrote a message to Fretilin requesting it to organize itself as a Party by indicating also the orientation of its political ideology.

It was under the umbrella of CNRM and CNRT that our People won in August 1999. This was the history, the history of resistance, the history of suffering, and the history of blood. Nowadays, we hear that it was only Fretilin that carried out the struggle. This does not matter, if [you say that] you (Fretilins) are the only ones who had fought in the war, we accept, but please do not throw sands to the eyes of the People because it was the entire People who voted [for independence] and not just the Fretilin.

In May 2000, Fretilin invited me to speak at their Conference in GMT ­ now baptized GAT ­ building. I asked three things from Fretilin:

– one, to review the case of Xavier do Amaral because he was not

a traitor of our country. He simply did not accept the ideology issued by the Central Committee of Fretilin in Laline in May 1977.

– two, for all the people who were killed by FRETILIN because

they were considered as traitors, but were not traitors, and simply did not accept the Marxist-Leninist ideology, their names should be restored so that their families can live in tranquility.

– three, Fretilin should apologize to the People, particularly the families of the victims.

At that conference I stated as follows: “As a member of the Central Committee of FRETILIN from the start of war until the middle of it, for all the good things that Fretilin did, I was part of it, and I would also accept responsibility for the bad things that may have been committed by FRETILIN. Not because I had left Fretilin that I wanted to wash my hands. I also request that as long as FRETILIN issues a political decision on this matter, I myself would go to the people and ask for forgiveness and explain why [things happened the way it did], and request the families to understand the wrongdoings committed.

A few days later, during Fretilin’s party at the Stadium on 20 May 2000, they invited me to go there, and after Lu Olo delivered his speech, I asked him and Marí about the requests I had made during the Conference. They replied saying that they had established a Commission to look into the matter.

In August 2000, during the Congress of CNRT, FRETILIN retreated itself and withdrew from CNRT. We maintained our calm, and continued to work in accordance with the political process handled by UNTAET until June 2001, when CNRT was dissolved because its mission had ended.

In January 2001, Ramos-Horta informed me that it would be best for me to talk to Marí. I responded by saying that it was FRETILIN that opened CNRT’s door to get out, and no one has ever shut the door, and if they wanted to come in, they can do so. Mari went to talk to me in CNRT/Balide.

He said they left CNRT because they were angry with me. They were angry because I had allowed some people to speak during the Congress and that had undermined Fretilin’s image. Those people were the families of victims of Fretilin’s political violence in the jungle.

I answered him with a bit of anger: “You have forgotten your Conference in May during which I asked you for three things. Clear the victims’ names and apologize to the people, not to undermine FRETILIN but to improve or clean Fretilin’s image.”

I also told him,” You do not have any reason at all to be afraid, because you could say to the people as follow: I, Marí, have nothing to do with the wrong doings committed in our country. I, Marí, was in Maputo, and have been suffering for the last twenty four years, but I washed my hands everyday with soap so, I, Marí have clean hands. If you want to ask, go and ask Xanana, he is the one with dirty hands, and blood in his hands.”

I repeated to him, saying ” Even if you speak like this, I would accept it, and I would apologize to the People whenever Fretilin has made a political decision on this matter.”

The name “Lapangan Pramuka” (The Scout’s Field) was changed to “Democracy Field” because all Political parties signed an agreement that they would establish a Government of National Unity. After Fretilin won, they (Fretilin) refrained themselves from this “political compromise” which they had earlier accepted. If they did not want to accept it, they should not have gone there and signed the agreement in the first place, rather than going there to sign it and then, in the end, turn their backs to the words they have professed. It is exactly like the Constitution and the Laws which they had made. After creating them, they turned their backs, and did not comply.

Dear People whom I respect

Members of Fretilin

Everyone knows and accepts that Fretilin had won [the election] in August 2001. If we speak the truth, with all due respect to the opposition parties, it was mainly Fretilin members who drafted the Constitution of RDTL to define the State of Democratic Rule of Law.

Now, in a State of Democratic Rule of Law, in accordance with the Constitution, the Armed and Police Forces should be non-partisan, and should not defend any party.

However, what do we see here, the Police Force, placed under the Government, and due to the officers’ need to keep their job and continue feeding their wives and children, lacked courage to say “No” to the orders which comes from the Minister of Interior, and sometimes from the Prime Minister himself.

Recently, on 2 June, before the meeting of the Superior Council of Defense and Security, Brigadier Taur came to talk to me and said: President, I told Dr. Roque Rodrigues, ‘Your (Fretilin’s) biggest mistake was trying to bring F-FDTL under the power of Fretilin.’ At that moment, I was very happy, because I had finally met again my Younger Brother whom I had earlier lost.

Information or Intelligence services had become the intelligence services of the party by monitoring the President’s speech when he was in Lospalos, and immediately sent ‘sms’ to the Prime Minister; monitoring the activities of the opposition political parties and report by sending ‘sms” to the Prime Minister. The intelligence services also sent ‘sms’ to Prime Minister when they found that some youths in Farol were looking at some things. Nowdays, because of the lack of employment, everyone tries hard to make ends meet. We try to get close those who have money. Every one can see that this happens in our country.

Recently, during a meeting in Baucau, some people said, ‘Xanana is the same. In times of war, he divided us, and even now when the war is over he continues to do so.’

I know the significance of the word ‘divide’. As far as the politicians and the highly educated ones are concerned, everyone must join Fretilin, whether they are the Police, F-FDTL, public employees, business people, sucos, hamlets, buffaloes, ants, trees, grasses, and everything should join Fretilin. Timor-Leste is Fretilin, and Fretilin is Timor-Leste. There should not be anything other than Fretilin, or a people other than Fretilin’s. This explains the saying that “Xanana divides Timor-Leste”, and therefore “Xanana is the one who should step down”. They speak as if I wish to be in power for 50 more years.

Some people whom I met in Dili in 1991 congratulated me because I had launched a correct political strategy by establishing CNRM in 1986. Today, after securing positions in the Government and while waiting to become Ministers in the future, they say that it is me who divide the People.

Beloved, suffering people

That is why, after the Congress of Fretilin last May, many, or some of the delegates received weapons. I heard that some District and Sub-district Administrators also received weapons. Therefore we saw on the television, heard from the radio and read from the newspapers, that the politicians, the intellectuals who are in power like to repeat, ” If Marí steps down, there will be bloodshed”, “If Marí steps down, Timor-Leste will be destroyed,” “When Marí steps down, there will be war!”

The Commander is possibly Rogério. Members of the Central Committee probably become the Political Advisers for the “Bloodshed” ideology, and the ideology of “Destroyed Timor”! The Vice President of the Parliament also likes to mention about war, now. Or, perhaps, now that he has lots of money, he also talks about war.

History is ticking, and continues to move forward, and the actions of each one of us are writing our history. The whole world knows about Euríco Guterres as the assassin and many other names, and he was put in jail and we call him names because here in Timor-Leste we are all saints, we are all heroes of the Liberation and we are all political leaders. But, it is very interesting!!! While Eurico Guterres sent an ‘sms’ on 26 May, requesting the leaders not to let the people suffer as they are now, our leaders are happily talking about “there will be bloodshed,” “Timor-Leste will be destroyed” and ” We will go to war”.

History is ticking, moving quietly, and continues to move forward by noting our behaviors, be it good or bad, clean or dirty. No one can make up a history. We are the ones who are creating our history which is sad, puts shame in our faces and makes people suffer.

They seem to continue counting on the F-FDTL. It was due to their doings that F-FDTL’s image has been tarnished. And I believe that today, F-FDTL is still waiting to talk to me. F-FDTL was indeed wrong because it had listened to the bad people, to those who do not love the people but wanted to buy off the souls of the People. In the past, during the war, we used to say: bullets may not kill us [completely] but rice and noodles could. That means, bullets could only kill the body, but rupiah, rice and noodle could kill [both body and] soul, at the same time.

I will wear again [military] uniform in order to restore the image of F-FDTL. I will walk again with the Falintil who were the Freedom Fighters of the Timorese people, who are now crying because they regret not listening to their Brother but instead, listened to those who are blood thirsty. In 2000, I abandoned FALINTIL because I knew that they had fulfilled their sacred mission to liberate the Homeland, I knew that they had grown up, and that I could let them walk by themselves. Just like the CNRT which was dissolved in 2001 in order to allow every one to find his/her space in the new process of self-governance.

However, [now] I am ready to walk again with them and apologize to the people. Later on, all members of F-FDTL, starting from the Brigadier-General to the newly recruited soldiers will swear to the People that as militaries they will respect the Constitution and the Laws [of the country], they will not bow down to any Party, guarantee freedom, provide security to the population and respect constitutional orders.

The PNTL which the blood-thirsty people had sought to divide and incite, will also swear to the People, that they will bow down to the Constitution, defend democratic legality, provide internal security for all people and will not join any party.

On 11 May, 2006 Marí told me that he suspected Rogério was behind the 28 April incident since he did not obey the order to immediately dispatch the Rapid Intervention Unit (RIU) to stop the demonstrators.

Two weeks later, Rogério also came to Caicoli and talked to me. I told him: “Rogério, speaking of Nicolau Lobato, I can say to you that I was with him in some of the most difficult moments in the war. People are accusing you of distributing weapons. Please trust me. Think carefully because during the war I did not lose any members of my family, but you, you have lost your entire family. Nicolau and your younger brothers and sisters are watching us, and they are crying because of the many things which are happening [now]. I know that they do not want this.”

Dear friends,

The history of the blood-thirsty people will be a big and long one. Because everywhere, small commanders emerge, spreading throughout Timor-Leste to fire guns and threaten people. Perhaps some people from Central Committee’s Department of Information kept sending ‘sms’ to the delegates and district administrators. But being in a hurry, the buttons of the hand-phones were wrongly pushed, and the ‘sms’ went to everyone. The ‘sms’ requested for 10,000 people from this district and 5,000 people from the other, to support Comrade Lu-Olo and Comrade Marí.”

Nowadays, whoever wants to become a public servant or a Minister, should be prepared to kill their own souls because we never know, dollar may rip off any principles they may have.

We see clearly that these people are playing with the People’s suffering, using the people to defend their positions, reputations and pockets.

CAVR’s Report demanded us to STOP POLITICAL VIOLENCE so that People will not suffer once again. It was only last January that I personally brought the Report and handed over to the United Nation’s Secretary-General. Less than six months later, guns were fired, smokes rose, and people were killed again in Dili.

A youth in Lospalos called me a traitor because I did not defend the International Tribunal. Today, he is not quiet, feeling very proud in Lospalos, believing that Fretilin has [enough] guns to wage a war. I went to Lospalos last year and talked to them and said that Fretilin should apologize to the people. They immediately sent an ‘sms’ to Marí. During a meeting, Marí showed the ‘sms’ to me, and he seemed happy because his party’s information network is well spread throughout Timor-Leste and keep him informed of the President’s speeches and the activities of the opposition parties.

I can say to that youth, that now, I do not want to become a traitor to People anymore. Why? [Because] when the Courts start to deal with the recent crimes, I will ask the Courts to consider making Becora, Baucau and Ermera prisons empty in order to welcome new visitors. Those who are now in the prisons have committed small crimes compared to the ones committed recently. Crimes against the democratic rule of law, crimes against a people who have suffered in the war, during 24 years. Becora, Baucau and Ermera prisons will receive various visitors; a large number of corrupt individuals will go there, and they should go there.

The International Commission of Investigation will come to help us all look into the political violence that emerged in our country. All the things that CAVR had done and revealed by listening to the people’s cry, their requests and demands to the politicians not to make people suffer anymore and so avoid political violence, the Fretilin leadership does not want to heed and does not want to care.

Fretilin’s leadership shows that the complaint [of the people] is not their problem, the crying of the people is not their problem, the suffering of the people is also not their problem, and even the death of the people is not their problem. To them, their [single] big problem is how to remain in power. The leadership of Fretilin only knows how to accuse other people because of their arrogance; they do not want to accept that they [too] made mistakes. For them, there were no mistakes, and all the things that they have done already have one objective, which is to remain in power.

[Of course] they only think of war, in order to remain in power because being in power provides them with everything: money, good houses in other countries, businesses which can bring in money for them and for the party, but for the party is only for the small group who are in power. People are suffering in Dili, and they have not visited them, not even speaking to them. They are only preoccupied about how to mobilize people from the districts to show that all members of Fretilin bow down to them, and kiss their feet and hands. The people who are mobilized to support them, will get in the cars free of charge to come to Dili and shout a bit of “viva this” and “viva that,” and then they will eat and return home, where they will continue to farm their land, and do not even have the money to send their children to school. At home they continue to be hungry.

In my new-year message of 2005, I appealed to all youths and people, not to believe the politicians who talk about ‘violence’ and force them to resort to violence. We did not want to listen to each other, and we all believed that the cleverest ones in the whole world are those who, by their own actions, can give money to people and thereby tarnishing the image of Fretilin and its history.

A Prime Minister Deposed


A prime minister deposed, but at great cost

July 10, 2006

Mari Alkatiri’s resignation was the culmination of a long-planned
attack, writes John Martinkus.

THREE weeks ago in East Timor I was given information from senior
members of the East Timorese military that confirmed what the now
deposed prime minister had been saying all along. There had been
three attempts since April last year to get senior command figures in
the East Timorese army to carry out a coup against the Government of
the former prime minister, Mari Alkatiri.

In light of what has happened since it seems obvious a very well
orchestrated campaign has been carried out to bring the Government
down. And it has worked. For reasons best known to themselves the
opposition to Alkatiri enlisted the support of a group of junior
officers in the East Timorese defence forces, the F-FDTL, who broke
with the army command and took their weapons with them. They attacked
the F-FDTL on May 23 and 24 and precipitated the widespread unrest in
Dili that led to the international forces being called in. Then came
the destruction of property by the gangs from the west, mainly aimed
at those from the east who are perceived as supporting the Fretilin
Government, then the string of allegations presented to the foreign
press, that finally led to Alkatiri’s resignation.

There is no doubt that whoever has been behind this campaign has
covered their tracks and it will be difficult to link the interests
involved to the destruction that has led to 150,000 East Timorese now
living in refugee camps around the capital, too afraid to go home.
But it was the plight of these people that was used as an instrument
by the opposition groups to call for Alkatiri’s removal even though
the same groups had initiated the violence in the first place. It was
a very callous and cynical political manoeuvre to say the least,
especially considering these people are now facing chronic food shortages.

But some obvious questions have not been answered by the Australian
press who have been almost unanimous in condemning the ruling
Fretilin party that, like it or not, did have an overwhelming mandate
to govern until mid next year that had been granted in elections
supervised by the UN and declared free and fair – with much fanfare,
I remember, as I covered them.

First, who started the violence? Surely in any other country if a
group of disaffected soldiers takes off with weapons and then
launches two very open assaults on the army, as Alfredo Reinado’s men
did on May 23 and 24, then shouldn’t they be arrested? Yet they were
given Australian SAS bodyguards and remain free after handing back
only a fraction of the weapons they took with them.

Second, who were these gangs that overwhelmingly targeted the homes
of those from the east who were perceived as supporting the Fretilin
Government? Brigadier Mick Slater, the commander of the Australian
forces in East Timor, whose men had to deal with these groups, said:
“There were definitely groups, let’s call them gangs, that were
definitely being manipulated and co-ordinated by other people from
outside that gang environment.”

Even after the resignation of Alkatiri, houses of Fretilin members
and those from the east were still being targeted and refugees
threatened. It revealed a lot about who had been behind the violence.

Third, who was making the allegations against Alkatiri and did they
stand up? After the violence subsided, the opposition to Alkatiri
seemed to take a different tack. There were the allegations and
rumours of a mass grave with 60, 70, 80, or as many as 500 victims of
an Alkatiri-ordered massacre – depending how far down the rumour
chain you heard the story. There was supposed to be a list of dead
held by a priest. Then there wasn’t, and the story fell by the
wayside. Next were the allegations by the so-called Alkatiri death
squad. Other reporters had been to see this group and some had chosen
not to report on it. They were located in the house of the
Carrascalao family and their story didn’t seem to be true. The
Carrascalaos are an established family in East Timor were
instrumental in the UDT party that fought a brief civil war with
Fretilin in 1975 – people with axes to grind.

There were other things about the death squad allegations that didn’t
make sense. When the F-FDTL base was attacked on May 24, men from
that same group participated in the attack alongside men from
Reinado’s group. It was an inconsistency picked up by Alkatiri
himself, who told me in Dili: “What kind of secret Fretilin group is
this that they are also fighting against the FDTL? This is contradictory.”

In short those who had been trying to find East Timorese officers to
act against the Government look like they have succeeded but at the
cost of the dislocation of 150,000 Timorese. Surely it would have
simply been easier to wait for next year’s elections.

Journalist John Martinkus is the author of several books, including A
Dirty Little War: An Eyewitness Account of East Timor’s Descent into
Hell 1997-2000 (Random House, 2001).

Coup organisers

From Lidia Dili

Not sure if you have seen the statement below. The demonstrations the National Front are talking about were anything but peaceful. These are the ones were they were allowed to rampage around Dili terrorising people.

Not sure what is meant by all people, the people who staged the counter demonstration certainly would not wish to be included in ‘all people’. Never heard of Alkatiri making any plans to flee Timor-Leste, and he is certainly at the moment still here.

As you know Xanana changes his mind from one day to the next on what his position is on Parliament and elections, guess it depends on who he is speaking to.

Think when Tara refers to the will of the people he is referring to his and his thugs will, there were over 1,000 demonstrators from Emera at the peaceful counter demonstration. I reckon there were about 30,000 people there all together.

Latest rumour to sweep Dili is that oposition to Alkitiri from Emera are coming to attack people from the west who attended pro Alkitiri demonstrations later today. Guess that will lead to more panic on the streets of Dili.


mana lidia,
below is a statement from the National Front for Peace and Justice, a front led by major tara that organized rally against alkatiri



(FNJP — The National Front for Peace and Justice)


Since 21 June 2006, the people of Timor-Leste have gathered at the Palácio do Governo and the National Parliament to conduct a peaceful demonstration. The goal of this peaceful demonstration is: “TO DISSOLVE THE PARLIAMENT AND DISBAND MARI ALKATIRI’S GOVERNMENT.” With that aim the people who have gathered in the capital Dili also extend the aspirations of those who cannot take part in this action to convey various demands to government leaders.

After seeing and listening to these various popular demands, the President of the Republic and the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of Timor-Leste, as the Head of the State, have made a promise, on 23 June 2006 and again on 26 June 2006, when the people handed the legislative and executive powers, by saying “THE PRESIDENT DOES NOT MAKE PROMISES TO ANYONE, BUT THE PRESIDENT SUBMITS TO PEOPLE’S WILL.”

Also after reading Mari Alkatiri’s statement of resignation from his post as the Prime Minister, stating that he will resume his duties as a member of The National Parliament on 26 June 2006, all people have taken notice and are concerned that:

1. Mari Alkatiri does not respect the will of the people, because, even though the National Parliament has been disbanded by the people on 24 June 2004, he thinks it stills exist.

2. Mari Alkatiri wants to find a new “home” in order to get protection and immunity from the investigation process on various crimes he has committed. Mari Alkatiri is organizing himself and is looking for a way to flee the territory of Timor-Leste to escape from criminal responsibility.

From the various abovementioned facts and realities, all people of Timor-Leste through the National Front for Justice and Peace do hereby state that:

3. All people of Timor have vowed, together with the President of the Republic, to carry out all wills of the people.

4. [All people] reaffirm that the legislative and executive powers have been handed by the people to the President of the Republic.

5. [All people] will wait for the President’s decision to legally and officially dissolve the National Parliament by todat, 27 June 2006, at 4:00 PM.

6. If the President refuses to make good on his promises, the people will therefore take other initiatives to uphold their rights as free people.

Dili, 27 June 2006

Augusto de Araújo (Tara) Vital dos Santos
General Coordinator General Secretary

Situation in Dili

Dili Friday evening 30th June 06

Last weekend was a rough one in Farol.  We were harassed several times by thugs, claiming to be westerners opposing Alkatiri, circulating around the area. 

Not sure why the ADF allowed them up our street or indeed allowed the few to terrorise the rest of Dili again.  The thugs were on brand new bikes, new clothes, saw a few of what I would call ordinary protesters who didn’t look rich and were not up to the same tactics.  More burnings.

Mari resigned and did that stop them, not likely they just put in new demands.  Parliament to dissolve, then stopped the news being broadcast, they were angry because coverage from Metanario did not show an angry rabble, but a disciplined group who were positive and happy.  Thug element said there was to be no news coverage on Loro Sae people (there were over 1000 Alkatiri supporters from what is termed the ‘west’ at Metanaro. News is still off, the TV & Radio station say they now have security and it should be back on by Monday, guess it will be more biased than it was.  

Oh well give in to thugs and what do you expect.

About 30,000 Fretlin demonstrators have been in Dili today and yesterday.  They were greeted by people handing out flowers. Demonstrations went well, they did not really make any demands just for the constitution to be respected and for the terrorising of people who support Alkatiri to stop.  Some opposition tried to make problems, at one point I thought some young Fretlin supporters were going to respond, but stewards talked to them, saying a negative reaction would mean people would say – see we always said Loro Sae people were terrorists.

Missed Xanana’s talk, but was told the crowd gave him a very rough ride, saying he was responsible for this trouble and asking him to tell people to stop terrorising people who support the constitution, Fretlin and Alkitiri.

Alkatiri came and talked to everyone and was again given a tremendous welcome.  He talked of Timor Leste being one country and said the violence must stop, that investigations should be made, including into the allegations made against him.  He also talked about western interference into Timorese politics and the oil issue.

It was a positive one and a half days, but things took a downward turn again this afternoon.  I went to a wedding, a friend of mine from the ‘east’ marrying a girl from the ‘west,’ the wedding was fine except the friend’s brother and indeed  family and friends from Los Palos could not attend in case it caused problems.  The brother is also a friend of mine, he took me to Metanario when I was monitoring up there, he phoned and wished the bride and the groom well.  The bride was crying because none of their friends and family from the ‘east’ could come.  We made the best of the wedding.

Met the resigned Secretary for Education at the wedding.

The ADF behaved well most of them were good humoured, did ask some of them on Friday morning why they were searching for weapons in the displaced people’s church near Farol.  They said they were just doing a quick check and were asking about the health of the people, if they are so concerned about people’s health maybe they could arrange to get food out to the districts.  They only searched a small section, Los Palos peoples tents.

On Thursday night supporters of Alkitiri, there were over a 1,000 from western areas, slept near the port in their trucks and cars.  Again this was very different from the way the demonstrators had been treated the week before, they had been allowed to sleep anywhere in Dili and terrorise the population to boot.  Alkatiri supporters did not burn or loot overnight, there are a few still relatively free in Dili.

On Friday at about 12.00 o’clock the demonstrators started the long trek back to the districts, Alkitiri had told them to go home.  The largely prevailing party atmosphere stopped as soon as Fretlin left Dili, and the terrorising began again.  Returned from the wedding at about 5.00’clock and received two phone calls for help, thugs had road blocks up on Comoro Road nr the airport, they were stopping people and asking are you from the Loro Sae, guess you know what followed.  The friends were in different areas and were speaking on behalf of a lots of people.  They said they had phoned the ADF and there was no response.

Phoned the ADF, the phone rang and rang, no one answered (same as the weekend before when we had the thugs outside the office).  Phoned the Portuguese Police, who just like the weekend before said it was not their area.  Said I knew but the ADF were not responding, PP said okay we will go and look then get the ADF.  Which is what they did.  A cynical person might think the ADF had behaved well while the reporters were out in force during the Fretlin demonstration.

Told Charlie on the phone that on Thursday night some displaced people were stoned, PP arrested several people.  They also found some grenades in a ex policeman’s cellar – funny all the searching for weapons by ADF never turned them up.

When I was monitoring the ADF while they were in displaced people’s camp, asked why they had not secured the airport and the tv station, or stopped several burnings, and the stonings on the Thursday night.  Response, they have a very difficult job and its hard to do all of that!

Atmosphere in Dili has once more spiralled downwards, people are frightened and despondent.   Ines came in on Monday for a couple of hours, Gute usually comes in once a day for about an hour, Santa is on her course and Yasanta had to go to see her family in Occuse, she was going to come back on Friday but I told her I thought she should wait till after the weekend to see how things were.  She couldn’t have got back anyway the ferry was off.

You ask what you can do: get accurate information out instead of the rubbish that the media prints, lobby not only on the UN staying in Timor Leste but about the ADF discrimination and ill treatment of Alkitiri supporters, and their complete inadequacy to control anything and their inability to make the ordinary people in Dili safe.

In London there was a demonstration outside the Australian embassy in the Strand.  They plan a bigger one this week.  Maybe you could do a demonstration in New York, the thugs and whoever else is behind this need to know that the Timorese and solidarity in the West know what is going on.  There urgently needs to be a visible presence.  You can easily stay neutral, just ask for the constitution to be respected, for the Portuguese Police to be allowed to do their job, for the ADF to stop interfering in Timor Leste politics.  You in the West are more free than us to do this.  You can of course have a demonstration outside Australian embassy or the UN and hand in requests.

Guess I’m fine, oh when the thugs were rampaging outside my door Portuguese Police did come at one point, never saw ADF, funny the week before they had been down here in force looking for Los Palos people.  Also phoned England and asked a friend to phone the British Embassy and the Australian Embassy, which he did.  Had Lee up the other day to see how I was faring, he’s a nice guy.  

Well guess that’s all from Dili.  

Lidia Mobil 00670 7298678